The journal guidelines from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) have been used in facing all aspects of publication ethics and, particularly, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. All articles in this journal involving human subjects, as well as animal, should respect principles of research ethics as described in Declaration of Helsinki and obey the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research as developed by the Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences (CIOMS). All articles dealing with original human or animal data must include a statement on ethics approval at the beginning of the Methods section.
In addition and as stated above, for studies conducted on human participants the authors must state clearly about written informed consent obtained from the study participants. The protection of a patient's right to privacy is essential. The authors need to state how to collect and keep copies of patients’ consent forms on which patients or other subjects of the experiments clearly grant permission for the publication of photographs or other material that might identify them. If the consent form of research did not specifically include this, please obtain it or remove the identifying material.
Similarly, for experiments involving animals the authors must state the care of animal and licensing guidelines under which the study was performed and report these in accordance with the ARRIVE (Animals in Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments) statement. If ethics clearance was not necessary, or if there was any deviation from these standard ethical requests, please state why it was not required.
Based on aforementioned, Bali Medical Journal (BaliMedJ) adapts COPE to meet high-quality standard of ethics for publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers. As an essential issue, publication ethics needs to be explained clearly and well defined in improving the quality of the research worldwide. In this part, we explain the standard for editors, authors, and reviewers. In addition, the publisher don’t have right to interfere with the integrity of the contents and only support to publish articles in timely manner. So that there are several guides that need to be followed as mentioned below.
There are several issues that need to be followed by editors such as: 1) Every articles published in Bali Medical Journal are Editor’s responsibility; 2) The authors need follow the instruction for author that we adapt from ICMJE and guide by Editor; 3) The editors have a pivotal role to communicate to other editors or reviewers in making the final decision; 4) The evaluation of the manuscript objectively for publication, judging each on its quality without looking to nationality, ethnicity, political beliefs, race, religion, gender, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the authors has conducted by editors. Declining his/her assignment is necessarily needed if potential of conflict of interest was found; 5) Information regarding authors and their affiliation must be ensured are not included in the manuscript sent to the reviewer, vice versa; 6) The authors need to be informed regarding editor’s decision according to the commentary report from reviewers unless they contain offensive or libelous remarks; 7) The author’s request need to be respected by the editors whereas an individual should not review the submission as long as well-reasoned and practicable; 8) Confidentiality of manuscript submission is guaranteed by editorial board member and staffs; 9) COPE flowchart was used as a guidance for editors if suspected misconducted or disputed authorship found.
There are several issues that need to be followed by reviewer such as: 1) Ethical issues and possible research/publication misconduct need to be noticed; 2) If the reviewers could not complete the work in a timely manner, they should notify the journal editors; 3) The confidentiality of manuscript need to be kept by reviewers; 4) A potential conflict of interest or possible research misconduct in manuscript need to be declined by the reviewers.
There are several issues that need to be followed by authors such as: 1) Author(s) confirm that the manuscript has not been previously published and transferred elsewhere any rights to the article; 2) Originality of the study, as well as a proper citation in accordance with the format of the references, need to be ensured by Author(s); 3) Plagiarism nor self-plagiarism is prohibited in Bali Medical Journal; 4) ‘Salami’ publication is also strictly prohibited in Bali Medical Journal; 5) The authorship criteria from ICMJE need to be followed by Author(s) as explained from author’s guidelines in Bali Medical Journal; 6) Any personal information should be blinded by Author(s) such as from forms of description part, photograph or pedigree. However, a clear informed consent received from the subject of participants could be used only for scientific purpose if the photographs of the patient were essential and indispensable; 7) In case of experimenting on human, the authors have certified that the process of the research is in accordance with ethical standards of Helsinki declaration, domestic and foreign committees that preside over human experiment. If any doubts are raised whether the research proceeded in accordance with the declaration, the authors should explain it. In case of experimenting on animals, the authors have certified that the authors had followed the domestic and foreign guideline related to experiment of animals in a laboratory; 8) Author(s) should give the editor the data and details of the work, if there are suspicions of data falsification or fabrication; 9) Authors of the journal should clarify everything that may cause conflict of interests such as work, research expenses, consultant expenses, and intellectual property on the document of ICMJE form disclosure; 10) At the point of submission, policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition.
Bali Medical Journal (BaliMedJ) expect the highest ethical standards from their authors, reviewers and editors when conducting research, submitting papers and throughout the peer-review process. So that, employing a double-blind review process, in which the author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process was conducted.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published or currently submitted elsewhere. Duplicate publication is a violation of the APA code of ethics (APA Publication Manual, 2010) and will be grounds for prompt rejection of the submitted manuscript. If the editor was not aware of the violation and the article has been published, a notice of duplicate submission and the ethical violation will be published.
Reporting Standards & Data Access
The author must report the results of his research accurately and objectively. The data used must be accurately presented. The manuscript must contain sufficient detail and reference so that the work can be replicated by other researchers. The author may be asked to provide research data for Editorial Review needs.
Originality, Acknowledgment of Source, & Confidentiality
The author must ensure that what is written in the manuscript is original. The author should avoid all forms of plagiarism practice. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. The authors should cite publications that influence the written report. Information obtained from conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties must obtain permission from the source to be reported in the manuscript. The author must ensure that it has written permission to use confidential information.
Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication
Authors may not publish essentially the same research work in more than one journal. Authors are also prohibited from submitting the same manuscript simultaneously to more than one journal for publication. Authors may not submit published work except in form of a thesis, lecture material, or electronic preprint.
Authorship of the Paper
Authors should be limited to those who have a significant contribution (determine the concept, design, execution, or interpretation of the manuscript). All such persons should be listed as co-authors. Parties that participate in certain aspects of the script (e.g. language editing) should be recognized in the acknowledgments section. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have been included in the paper, and no inappropriate co-authors are listed. The corresponding author is also responsible for ensuring that the manuscript submitted for publication in the journal has been approved by all co-authors. Authors take collective responsibility for the work.
Hazards and Human / Animal Subjects
The author should clearly identify in the manuscript if it involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have an unusual degree of danger. That research involving human or animal subjects should be conducted in accordance with relevant laws and institutional guidance. The authors are obliged to write in the manuscript that the procedures performed have been in accordance with the rules and the guideline, and have received permission to conduct such research. If the author wants to display case details or personal information, Authors must obtain written consent of the patient or the authorities. All permissions should be presented by the author to the editor if requested.
Fundamental Errors in Published Works
If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, the author shall notify the Journal Editor to retract the manuscript or to correct it. If the editor learns the error from a third party, then the authors are obliged to cooperate with the Journal Editor to clarify, improve, or retract the manuscript.
It is not acceptable to make image manipulation that can change the meaning of the image. Changing the image to improve clarity is acceptable, but image manipulation for other purposes can be considered as a violation of research ethics.
Submission Declaration and Verification
Submission has not been previously published or is under consideration of another journal (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint). Please read more about in “Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication” from our Publication Ethics pages.
Changes to Authorship
The list of authors listed at the time of submission is final and should not be changed. Authors are expected to consider carefully including an order of authors. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. Written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors are needed to make such change, includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors.
We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. Though this journal has not yet obtained its membership with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), we are committed to adhere to the standards and guidelines set out by COPE.
The following are the useful links for our authors, reviewers and editors.
International standards for editors and authors
Policies on Conflict of Interest, Human and Animal Rights, and Informed Consent