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The evaluation of vitamin C and β carotene of Globe Amaranth (Gomphrena globosa), a local germplasm of Bali (Indonesia) from two different altitudes

Abstract

Introduction: Globe amaranth (Gomphrena globosa), known as "Bunga Ratna" in Balinese or "Bunga Kancing" in Indonesian, is a versatile flower species that thrives in a wide range of environmental conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the vitamin C and β carotene content of globe amaranth grown in two areas in Bali (Indonesia), with two different altitudes.

Methods: The research was conducted from March to June 2023. This was a split-plot study with a randomized block design. The main plots were two planting areas where samples were obtained, including Sanur and Sibang Gede with altitudes of 7 m asl and 350 m asl, respectively. The subplot in the procedure was the various genotypes, namely purple, pink, and white. Observations were then carried out on vitamin C and β carotene content of the flower, stem, and leaf, with five replications.

Results: The results showed that the test plant in Sanur, a coastal region (7m asl), produced higher vitamin C and β carotene levels than those in Sibang Gede (350 m dl). Vitamin C was found in a greater quantity in the flower and leaf, irrespective of the altitudes and genotypes, while higher levels of β carotene were obtained in the leaf.

Conclusions: In conclusion, the current research found that globe amaranth leaves and flowers have high potential as a source of vitamin C and β carotene. Research regarding the vitamin content of globe amaranth has never been reported. This is the first report on the vitamin content of globe amaranth.

References

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How to Cite

Dwiyani, R. ., Sanjaya, P. W. ., Darmawati, I. A. P. ., Laksmiani, N. P. L. ., Redana, I. M. B. ., Yuswanti, H. ., Susrusa, K. B. ., Gunadi, I. G. A. ., Astiningsih, A. A. M. ., Suada, I. K. ., & Wirawan, I. G. P. (2023). The evaluation of vitamin C and β carotene of Globe Amaranth (Gomphrena globosa), a local germplasm of Bali (Indonesia) from two different altitudes. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 3448–3452. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i3.5040

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Rindang Dwiyani
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Putu Wahyu Sanjaya
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Ida Ayu Putri Darmawati
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Ni Putu Linda Laksmiani
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I Made Basma Redana
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Hestin Yuswanti
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Ketut Budi Susrusa
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Anak Agung Made Astiningsih
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I Ketut Suada
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I Gede Putu Wirawan
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