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Primary source of Vitamin D: sunlight or nutrition?

  • Bahrul Fikri ,
  • Aidah Juliaty ,
  • Sam Engels ,
  • Azwin Mengindera Putera ,
  • Zahrah Hikmah ,
  • Andi Dwi Bahagia Febriani ,
  • Sri Hardiayanti Putri ,
  • Nadirah Rasyid Ridha ,
  • Ema Alasiry ,
  • Anang Endaryanto ,
  • Nasrum Massi ,
  • Yusrawati ,
  • Deasy Irawati ,
  • Hamsu Kadrian ,

Abstract

Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/w3EhDrNg4ts 

 

This study reviews the existing literature on whether sunlight or nutrition is the main source of vitamin D and explores the factors contributing to vitamin D deficiency in tropical regions. The key findings include urbanization, ethnicity, sun-avoidance, religion, and nutrition as causes for the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in tropical areas. While sunlight is considered the main source of vitamin D, factors such as air pollution, sun-avoidance behaviors, and the clothing style of certain religions can limit sunlight absorption. Moreover, limited access to vitamin D-rich foods and low consumption of fortified foods contribute to the deficiency. The study suggests further research on the role of nutrition as a potential main contributor to vitamin D deficiency in tropical areas.

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How to Cite

Fikri, B., Juliaty, A., Engels, S., Putera, A. M., Hikmah, Z., Febriani, A. D. B., Putri, S. H., Ridha, N. R., Alasiry, E., Endaryanto, A., Massi, N., Yusrawati, Irawati, D., & Kadrian, H. (2024). Primary source of Vitamin D: sunlight or nutrition?. Bali Medical Journal, 13(1), 458–462. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v13i2.4958

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