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Dermoscopic analysis of nevus pigmentosus

  • Ira Mendrofa ,
  • Imam Budi Putra ,
  • Nelva K. Jusuf ,

Abstract

Introduction: A benign melanocytic skin condition known as nevus pigmentosus or nevomelanocytic is caused by the proliferation of melanocytes in the epidermis where pigment-producing cells congregate. Nevus can be found all over the body. The face, scalp, trunk, extremities and other areas frequently exposed to the sun are the most common places. Nevus is a special sign of a person in the location of the body as a sign of identity both clinically and dermoscopy. The aim of this study was to analyze the dermoscopy appearance of nevus pigmentosus.

Methods: Cross-sectional study using consecutive sampling methods on workers and students at the Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital from July 2022 – May 2023. The researchers recorded basic data, and the diagnosis of nevus pigmentosus was established through anamnesis, sampling and dermatological examination.

Results: This research has received approval from the Research Ethics Commission of the Universitas Sumatera Utara and the Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital. The number of nevus pigmentosus patients was 118 patients with 860 nevus. Most body locations were found in the superior extremities 315 nevus (36.6%) and face 222 nevus (25.8%). The color of the most frequently identified nevus was brown 821 (95.5%) with the highest pattern being reticular 675 (78.9%). Based on the pigment distribution of the nevus pigmentosus, 327 (38.3%) were uniform and central hyperpigmentation was 236 (27.4%), which was the most common.

Conclusion: The conclusion is that nevus pigmentosus is most commonly found on the superior extremities, brown, have a reticular pattern with uniform pigmentation.

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How to Cite

Mendrofa, I., Putra, I. B., & Jusuf, N. K. (2023). Dermoscopic analysis of nevus pigmentosus. Bali Medical Journal, 13(1), 3411–3415. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v13i1.4856

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