The aim of investigation is to analyze the Russian criminal legislation for the purpose of medical staffâ€™s protection during the fulfillment of their professional duties. In our work we used a complex of common scientific methods, methods of comparative and historical analysis, and also bibliographical and analytical methods. It seems to be evident that the realization of the given civil right and ensuring of the stability of the constitutional system would be impossible without persons having special knowledge and required qualification who are deputed to provide medical care to incarcerated individuals. In this connection, medical workers play the basic role in the securing of citizensâ€™ rights particularly in relation to protection of their health. At the same time, application of violence in relation to medical staff during the last period of time happened rather often in Russia. Its consequences shown in real, live examples are very sad. The attacks on physicians have become more frequent and lead to health trespassing of all kinds, even death and such attacks set a dangerous precedent and lead to a significant level of deterioration in the social atmosphere. In such conditions, medical workers need reliable legal protection while fulfilling professional duties. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation stipulates several regulations to protect the rights of medical professionals and overall security in Russia, which is further discussed in this article. The Russian Criminal Legislation aims at ensuring the normal functioning of health system in Russia, which is one of the main aspects of national security. However, many aspects of legal regulations of the Russian health system arenâ€™t fully accommodate and leave out many areas that require serious attention, and therefore appropriate modifications to, and addition of, policies to guard against criminal acts that manifest in many ways are critically necessary. In the Russian society, we already have all the preconditions for defining medical workers as not only special subjects vested with special legal rights given the nature of their interactions with patients but also as special victims because of the scope and magnitude of risk of injuries or bodily harm is much higher compared to regular citizens.
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