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Effect of Aerobic Walking on Maximal Oxygen Consumption and Serum Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Mechanical Chronic Low Back Pain in Office Workers at Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya

  • I Nengah Bagus Surianta ,
  • Damayanti Tinduh ,
  • Andriati ,
  • Meisy Andriana ,
  • Sony Wibisono Mudjanarko ,
  • Soenarnatalina Melaniani ,


Background: Sedentary behavior is a common risk factor for mechanical chronic low back pain. Functional capacity and serum vitamin D levels are associated with low back pain intensity. The aim to analyze the effect of aerobic exercise walking on maximal oxygen consumption and serum vitamin D levels in patients with mechanical chronic low back pain.

Method: true experimental with pre and post-test randomized control group design. Each group consisted of 16 respondents. The treatment group received additional aerobic exercise walking 3x/week, intensity 40-50% HRR (weeks 1-3), 50-60% HRR (weeks 4-6) and 60-80% HRR (weeks 7-8), 30 minutes per session for 8 weeks. The control group only received conventional training 3x/week for 8 weeks. The parameters evaluated were VO2 max and 25(OH)D. Measurements were taken before and after 8 weeks of intervention.

Results: The VO2 max values of both groups increased with a significant difference after the intervention (p < 0.001) and there was a difference in the difference (p < 0.001). 25(OH)D levels in both groups increased with no significant difference after the intervention (p = 0.720) and no significant difference in the difference after the intervention (p = 0.662)

Conclusion: There is a difference in the addition of walking aerobic exercise to conventional exercise compared to conventional exercise alone on maximal oxygen consumption, but there is no difference on serum vitamin D levels in mechanical chronic low back pain patients.


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How to Cite

I Nengah Bagus Surianta, Damayanti Tinduh, Andriati, Meisy Andriana, Sony Wibisono Mudjanarko, & Soenarnatalina Melaniani. (2023). Effect of Aerobic Walking on Maximal Oxygen Consumption and Serum Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Mechanical Chronic Low Back Pain in Office Workers at Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 2494–2499.




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I Nengah Bagus Surianta
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Damayanti Tinduh
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Meisy Andriana
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Sony Wibisono Mudjanarko
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Soenarnatalina Melaniani
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