Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Circadian behavior and vitamin D status: a study on students at Faculty of Health, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya

  • Dini Setiarsih ,
  • Rizki Nurmalya Kardina ,
  • Ersalina Nidianti ,
  • Mitha Rachmawati ,
  • Ikek Ika Lia Wulandari ,
  • Anis Hanifa Rahmawati ,
  • Aprilia Ristiawati Bidayatul Hidayah ,

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is still common in various community groups, including women of childbearing age. Not only because of a lifestyle that avoids the sun, but recent research has shown that circadian behavior, which includes eating and sleeping patterns, is associated with vitamin D deficiency. This study aims to provide information about female students' vitamin D status and circadian behavior to prevent further health problems.

Methods: This research was quantitative, analytic, and observational, with a cross sectional study approach. The population was students of the academic year 2019 in the Faculty of Health, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, in 2022. The sample size was 50 people. Data collection includes circadian behavior with parameters of sleep patterns, eating patterns, and plasma vitamin D levels. Sleep pattern data was collected using The Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Circadian eating pattern data was taken with 24-hour recall instruments. Plasma vitamin D levels were obtained by taking blood samples analyzed using the Fluorescence Immunoassay Rapid Quantitative Test method. Data analysis was performed using the Mantel-Haenszel statistical test on the SPSS program.

Results: The results showed that 80.0% of samples had a predominantly daytime (pDT) eating pattern, 64.0% had poor sleep quality, and 68.0% had vitamin D deficiency. Bivariate analysis for eating patterns and vitamin D status showed OR = 0.890 (0.197-4.012). Bivariate analysis for sleep pattern and vitamin D status showed OR value = 1.362 (0.385-4.817). However, the p-value indicates an insignificant correlation (p=0.880 and p=0.631)

Conclusion: The study shows poor sleep quality and predominantly daytime eating patterns are not risk factors for vitamin D deficiency.

References

  1. Cheng TS, Loy SL, Cheung YB, Cai S, Colega MT, Godfrey KM, et al. Plasma Vitamin D Deficiency Is Associated With Poor Sleep Quality and Night-Time Eating at Mid-Pregnancy in Singapore. Nutrients. 2017;9(4):340. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28353643
  2. Zee PC, Attarian H, Videnovic A. Circadian rhythm abnormalities. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2013;19(1 Sleep Disorders):132–47. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23385698
  3. Silvia E, Nasrul E, Ilmiawati C. Hubungan Kadar 25-Hidroksivitamin D Serum dengan Latensi Tidur pada Perempuan Remaja Akhir. J Kesehat Andalas. 2019;8(1):124. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.25077/jka.v8.i1.p124-130.2019
  4. Silvia E. Perbedaan Kadar 25 (OH)D Serum menurut Pola Makan Sirkadian pada Remaja Putri Etnis Minangkabau. Indones J Nutr Sci Food; Vol 1 No 1 Januari 2022. 2022; Available from: https://e-journal.ivet.ac.id/index.php/IJNuFo/article/view/1996
  5. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28(2):193–213. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-1781(89)90047-4
  6. Dehghanmehr et al. S, Shadadi H, Mansouri A, Arbabisarjou A. Effect of oral saffron capsules on sleep quality in patients with diabetes at Zabol-Iran. Bali Med J. 2017;6(3 SE-ORIGINAL ARTICLE):595–600. Available from: https://www.balimedicaljournal.org/index.php/bmj/article/view/623
  7. Noventi I, Sholihah U, Hasina SN, Wijayanti L. The effectiveness of mindfulness based stress reduction and sama vritti pranayama on reducing blood pressure, improving sleep quality and reducing stress levels in the elderly with hypertension. Bali Med J. 2022;11(1 SE-ORIGINAL ARTICLE):302–5. Available from: https://www.balimedicaljournal.org/index.php/bmj/article/view/3108
  8. Loy SL, Chan JKY, Wee PH, Colega MT, Cheung YB, Godfrey KM, et al. Maternal Circadian Eating Time and Frequency Are Associated with Blood Glucose Concentrations during Pregnancy. J Nutr. 2016/10/19. 2017;147(1):70–7. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27798346
  9. Riccobono G, Iannitelli A, Pompili A, Iorio C, Stratta P, Rossi R, et al. Night Eating Syndrome, circadian rhythms and seasonality: a study in a population of Italian university students. Riv Psichiatr. 2020;55(1):47–52.
  10. Souza RV, Sarmento RA, de Almeida JC, Canuto R. The effect of shift work on eating habits: a systematic review. Scand J Work Environ & Heal. 2018;45(1):7–21. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3759
  11. Vimalananda VG, Palmer JR, Gerlovin H, Wise LA, Rosenzweig JL, Rosenberg L, et al. Night-shift work and incident diabetes among African-American women. Diabetologia. 2015/01/14. 2015;58(4):699–706. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25586362
  12. Freitas E da S de, Canuto R, Henn RL, Olinto BA, Macagnan JBA, Pattussi MP, et al. Alteração no comportamento alimentar de trabalhadores de turnos de um frigorífico do sul do Brasil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2015;20(8):2401–10. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015208.18642014
  13. Lips P, van Schoor NM, de Jongh RT. Diet, sun, and lifestyle as determinants of vitamin D status. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014;1317(1):92–8. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12443
  14. Roth DE, Abrams SA, Aloia J, Bergeron G, Bourassa MW, Brown KH, et al. Global prevalence and disease burden of vitamin D deficiency: a roadmap for action in low- and middle-income countries. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2018/09/18. 2018;1430(1):44–79. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30225965
  15. Bogh MKB, Schmedes A V, Philipsen PA, Thieden E, Wulf HC. Interdependence between body surface area and ultraviolet B dose in vitamin D production: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Dermatol. 2010;164(1):163–9. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.10082.x
  16. Hawk JLM. Safe, mild ultraviolet-B exposure: An essential human requirement for vitamin D and other vital bodily parameter adequacy: A review. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2020/08/09. 2020;36(6):417–23. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32623756
  17. Judistiani RTD, Nirmala SA, Rahmawati M, Ghrahani R, Natalia YA, Sugianli AK, et al. Optimizing ultraviolet B radiation exposure to prevent vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women in the tropical zone: report from cohort study on vitamin D status and its impact during pregnancy in Indonesia. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2019;19(1):209. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31226954
  18. Nugroho H, GDP T, Suhartono T, Darmono D. Vitamin D supplementation in subjects with hypovitaminosis D: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Bali Med J. 2021;10(1):405–6. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i1.2230
  19. Setiarsih D, Hastuti P, Nurdiati DS. Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism in Madura pregnant women with hypertension: a case control study. Egypt J Med Hum Genet. 2022;23(1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s43042-022-00246-4
  20. Setiarsih D, Wirjatmadi B, Adriani M. Bone Density Status and Vitamin D and Calcium Concentrations in Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women. Makara J Heal Res. 2016;20(3). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/msk.v20i3.3540
  21. Wagner CL, Taylor SN, Dawodu A, Johnson DD, Hollis BW. Vitamin D and its role during pregnancy in attaining optimal health of mother and fetus. Nutrients. 2012/03/21. 2012;4(3):208–30. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22666547

How to Cite

Setiarsih, D., Kardina, R. N., Nidianti, E., Rachmawati, M., Wulandari, I. I. L., Rahmawati, A. H., & Hidayah, A. R. B. (2023). Circadian behavior and vitamin D status: a study on students at Faculty of Health, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 3290–3293. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i3.4467

HTML
3

Total
3

Share

Search Panel

Dini Setiarsih
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Rizki Nurmalya Kardina
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Ersalina Nidianti
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Mitha Rachmawati
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Ikek Ika Lia Wulandari
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Anis Hanifa Rahmawati
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Aprilia Ristiawati Bidayatul Hidayah
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal