Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Entrepreneur intention: bonding cognitive, bridging cognitive, entrepreneurial knowledge, subjective norms, perceived desirability, perceived feasibility, self-efficacy on student university in Surabaya

Abstract

Introduction: Employment issues are still important in the development plan and the Indonesian economy. Indonesia's human resources quality is relatively low, and the unemployment rate is high. The high number of unemployed in Indonesia must continue to be studied, otherwise, the problem of poverty will increase. This study aimed to see what factors can influence entrepreneurial interest, researchers focus on bonding cognitive, and social capital, bridging cognitive social capital, entrepreneurial knowledge, subjective norms, self-efficacy, perceived desirability, and perceived feasibility of entrepreneurial intention.

Methods: This quantitative research used purposive random sampling and collects data using a questionnaire distributed to 150 students in Surabaya. The research data obtained were then analyzed using Smart PLS.

Results: The study results explained a positive and significant relationship between bonding cognitive social capital, bridging cognitive social capital, entrepreneurial knowledge, subjective norms, self-efficacy, perceived desirability, and feasibility of entrepreneurial intention. The outer loading of convergent validity was found >0.6 in all variables. The average variance extracted results were found >0.5 with significant hypothesis testing results (p-value≤0.05) in all variables.

Conclusion: Cognitive bonding and bridging have a significant influence on subjective norms. The same influence was found in entrepreneurial knowledge on subjective norms, subjective norms on perceived desirability and feasibility, and self-efficacy on perceived feasibility.

References

  1. Nahara Y, Mawaddah P, Maharani FL, Panorama M, Studi P, Syariah E, et al. Determinan Tingkat Pengangguran Di Kota Palembang Dan Alternatif Kebijakan. Sibatik J | Vol. 2022;1(9):1629–36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.54443/sibatik.v1i9.216.
  2. Teguh Ali Fikri Y. Analisis Peningkatan Angka Pengangguran akibat Dampak Pandemi Covid 19 di Indonesia. Indones J Bus Anal. 2021;1(2):107–16.
  3. Campos F, Frese M, Goldstein M, Iacovone L, Johnson HC, McKenzie D, et al. Teaching personal initiative beats traditional training in boosting small business in West Africa. Science (80- ). 2017;357(6357):1287–90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan5329.
  4. Ambad SNA, Damit DHDA. Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention Among Undergraduate Students in Malaysia. Procedia Econ Financ. 2016;37(16):108–14. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(16)30100-9
  5. Liñán F, Rodríguez-Cohard JC, Rueda-Cantuche JM. Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: A role for education. Int Entrep Manag J. 2011;7(2):195–218. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-010-0154-z.
  6. Hmieleski KM, Corbett AC. Proclivity for improvisation as a predictor of entrepreneurial intentions. J Small Bus Manag. 2006;44(1):45–63. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-627X.2006.00153.x.
  7. Roxas B. Effects of entrepreneurial knowledge on entrepreneurial intentions: A longitudinal study of selected South-east Asian business students. J Educ Work. 2014;27(4):432–53.
  8. Kuntowicaksono. Pengaruh Pengetahuan Wirausaha Dan Kemampuan Memecahkan Masalah Wirausaha Terhadap Minat Berwirausaha Siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. J Econ Educ. 2012;1(1):45–52.
  9. Davidsson P, Honig B. The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. J Bus Ventur. 2003;18(3):301–31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/APBPP.2000.5438611.
  10. Vuković K, Kedmenec I, Postolov K, Jovanovski K, Korent D. The role of bonding and bridging cognitive social capital in shaping entrepreneurial intention in transition economies. Manag. 2017;22(1):1–34. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30924/mjcmi/2017.22.1.1.
  11. Baron RA. The cognitive perspective: A valuable tool for answering entrepreneurship’s basic “why” questions. J Bus Ventur. 2004;19(2):221–39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(03)00008-9.
  12. Kim PH, Aldrich HE. Social capital and entrepreneurship. Found Trends Entrep. 2005;1(2):55–104. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0300000002.
  13. Claridge T. Dimensions of Social Capital – structural, cognitive, and relational. Soc Cap Res. 2018;(January):1–4.
  14. Adler PS, Kwon SW. Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Acad Manag Rev. 2002;27(1):17–40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/4134367.
  15. Palupi D, Santoso BH. An Empirical Study on the Theory of Planned Behavior: the Effect of Gender on Entrepreneurship Intention. J Econ Bus Account Ventur. 2017;20(1):71.
  16. Zaremohzzabieh Z, Ahrari S, Krauss SE, Samah ABA, Meng LK, Ariffin Z. Predicting social entrepreneurial intention: A meta-analytic path analysis based on the theory of planned behavior. J Bus Res. 2019;96(June 2018):264–76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.11.030
  17. Zhao H, Hills GE, Seibert SE. The mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of entrepreneurial intentions. J Appl Psychol. 2005;90(6):1265–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.6.1265.
  18. Sudiwedani A, Darma GS. Analysis of the effect of knowledge, attitude, and skill related to the preparation of doctors in facing industrial revolution 4.0. Bali Med J. 2020;9(2):524-530. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v9i2.1895.

How to Cite

Denis Fidita Karya, M. Yusak Anshori, Fily Irhamni, & Rizqi Amalia Elfita. (2023). Entrepreneur intention: bonding cognitive, bridging cognitive, entrepreneurial knowledge, subjective norms, perceived desirability, perceived feasibility, self-efficacy on student university in Surabaya. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 3246–3250. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i3.4394

HTML
6

Total
7

Share

Search Panel