Differences in mother's knowledge and dietary diversity toddlers before and after education with videos and leaflets
- Pratiwi Hariyani Putri ,
- Farah Nuriannisa ,
- Catur Wulandari ,
- Anugrah Linda Mutiarani ,
- Kartika Yuliani ,
- Fryda Ruhsi Rahmanadiya ,
Background: The prevalence of malnutrition in East Java still tends to be high, one of which is in Banyuwangi City, namely 16.78%. One of the causes of under-five nutrition problems is the lack of knowledge of nutrition and health, attitudes and behavior of mother's feeding. This study aims to analyze differences in mothers' knowledge and dietary diversity of toddlers before and after being given health food education with video media and leaflets 2 times for 14 days.
Method: This is a quasi-experimental design with pre-post test control group design. The research subjects were 44 divided into 2 groups. The statistical test results showed p value < 0.05 on the variables of mother's knowledge and dietary diversity of toddlers before and after healthy food education from 2 groups.
Result: The knowledge of mothers of toddlers in The Intervention Group, before education was partially in the sufficient category as many as 12 people (59,1%), and almost all of them were in the good knowledge category as many as 19 people (86,4%) after education with a mean±SD value of 76,5 ± 23,2 before education, increased to 90,1 ± 10,8 after education. The Intervention Group's average dietary diversity score of toddlers was 4,27 ± 0,9. After education, most of the toddlers' dietary diversity was in the high category, namely 13 (59.1%), the moderate category was 9 (40,9%), and none were in the low category with an average score of 5,91 ± 1,27.
Conclusion: This study has identified a significant difference in knowledge of mothers and toddlers' dietary diversity before and after education with video media and leaflets. Education with video media and leaflets effectively increases mother's knowledge and toddler's dietary diversity.