Background. Iron-deficiency anemia is an anemia that occured due to reduction of total iron content. The high-risk groups are women of reproductive age (WRA), pregnant women, students and adolescences. The aim of this study was to know the prevalenceÂ ofÂ iron deficiencyÂ and its association with Â level of education, meat consumption and menstrual pattern.
Methods. Population-base study using Â analytic cross sectional was done. Simple random sampling were drawn from list of all WRA population statistical data in Pengeragoan village, Pekutatan subdistrict, Jembrana. WRA between 20-49 years old with their demographic data, meat consumption pattern, menstrual pattern and level of education were taken using questionnaire. Ferritin level < 20 ug/dl is considered iron deficiency state. Â All data were examined with significancy level < 0.05.
Results. Out ofÂ 790 WRA registered, 80 subjects were recruited. Only 1(1.25%) subject was found having abnormal menstruation pattern and 5 (6.25%) of them having anemia. Low ferritin serumÂ < 20ug/dL was foun in 11 subjects, so iron deficiency prevalence was 13.75%. Mean ferritin serum was 64.45 Â± 3.95 ug/L (range 5.3-150 ug/L). This study found no relationship was noted between meat consumption, level of education and menstrual pattern Â and ferritin level in WRA subjects ( p > 0.05).
Conclusion. Iron deficiency was found 13.75% and no association was discovered between level of ferritin serum and meat consumption,level of education , menstrual pattern.