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Correlation between stress and insomnia with learning outcomes: a cross sectional study

  • Nety Mawarda Hatmanti ,
  • Ulfa Mazuzin Zurmida ,
  • Yurike Septianingrum ,
  • Nunik Purwanti ,
  • Siti Maimunah ,


Introduction: Stress can happen anywhere and to anyone. Stress that cannot be controlled causes difficulty in concentration, difficulty remembering lessons, difficulty understanding lessons, frequent dizziness, feeling sluggish, weak and insomnia. Thus, this study aimed to determine the relationship between stress levels and insomnia with student achievement at Pondok Pesantren Tebuireng Jombang.

Method: The research design was correlational analytic using a retrospective research approach—the population of all students in class X-XII at Pondok Tebu Ireng Jombang in February 2022. From 620 children, 243 students were taken by stratified simple random sampling. The independent variables were the level of stress and insomnia, and the dependent variable was the learning achievement. Data collection in this study used a questionnaire (DASS), an insomnia rating scale questionnaire, and learning achievement with a learning report book. The data were analyzed by the Spearman Rho test in SPSS 25.

Results: Based on a characteristic sample from 243 respondents, it was found that most of them were male (59.26%), by the age were 17 years old (34.16%). Several students experienced stress. Luckily the highest stress level they experienced was moderate (31.3%), and the highest grade of insomnia they experienced was moderate. The correlation analysis of stress level and learning achievement obtained r=-0.425 and p=0.001. It indicated a significant correlation between stress level and learning achievement, with a moderate correlation.  A similar finding was also found in the correlation of insomnia with learning achievement (p=0.001; r=-0.482)

Conclusion:  In this study, almost all respondents have a mild stress level and sufficient achievement. Meanwhile, nearly all respondents who experienced mild insomnia had acceptable learning achievement. Both variables correlated with the level of achievement of students. Thus, maintaining stress levels and sleep time among students at a normal level is needed.


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How to Cite

Hatmanti, N. M., Zurmida, U. M. ., Septianingrum, Y., Purwanti, N. ., & Maimunah, S. (2023). Correlation between stress and insomnia with learning outcomes: a cross sectional study. Bali Medical Journal, 12(2), 1909–1913.




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Nety Mawarda Hatmanti
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Ulfa Mazuzin Zurmida
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Yurike Septianingrum
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Nunik Purwanti
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Siti Maimunah
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