Background: Liver disease in pregnancy can be related to the process of pregnancy (liver disease of pregnancy) or not associated with pregnancy (liver disease in pregnancy). Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare but life-threatening cause of jaundice in the third trimester of pregnancy and early postpartum period which in most cases no definitive risk factors are found. In this case report, we report a patient with AFLP with acute pancreatitis manifestations.
Case presentation: A 33-year-old woman referred to the Dr Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia with diagnosis of day-4 post-section caesarian (SC) accompanied by ileus paralytic, obstructive jaundice hypoalbuminemia hyperbilirubinemia, acalculi cholecystitis, acute kidney injury (AKI) with dd acute on chronic kidney disease (ACKD), suspect pneumonia, and sepsis. Indications for SC were premature rupture of membrane (PROM). The patient initially complained of yellow body and eyes 10 days before delivery with additional complaints including tea-colored urine and brown feces. Chest x-ray results showed infiltrates on the right paracardial suggesting pulmonary inflammation. Abdominal x-rays showed normal result. Abdominal ultrasound results suggested acalculi cholecystitis, however, liver, lien, pancreas, kidney right and left, urinary bladder, uterus, adnexa right and left showed no abnormality. The patient was treated with intravenous fluids, nasogastric insertion for nutrition, analgesics and antibiotics and other symptomatic therapy. The patient was discharged after 20 days of treatment.
Conclusion: This case highlights a potentially fatal complication of AFLP case with acute pancreatitis manifestations and the need of rapid diagnosis and comprehensive management to avoid the complicaton and death.