A-39 year old, nulligravida woman with giant leiomyomas: a case report
- Endy Cahyono ,
- Teuku Mirza Iskandar ,
- Ediwibowo Ambari ,
- Very Great Eka Putra ,
- Lubena ,
- I Made Prasetya Wardana ,
Introduction: The most common neoplasm of the uterus, uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids, are benign growths that affect 20–30% of women between the ages of 30 and 50. The smooth muscle of the uterus gives rise to leiomyomas. In this case report, we sought to highlight the case of a 39-year-old nulligravida lady with a fast expanding abdominal mass and abdominal pain.
Case Presentation: The gynecologist department at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital Semarang received a visit from a 39-year-old nulligravida lady complaining of a fast-expanding lump in her belly and extreme weight loss over the past year. During the abdominal exam, an immovable mass that could have been an 8-month pregnancy was felt in the midline of the abdominal area, extending from the lower abdomen to the epigastric area. Ascites were also discovered. The multislice computerized tomography (MSCT) results showed a solid lobulated inhomogeneous mass with internal calcification which extended from the abdominal cavity to the pelvic cavity and visualized the size of (anteroposterior 21.7 cm x laterolateral 24.1 cm x craniocaudal 36.8 cm), compressing the surrounding bowel structures, liver, spleen, and bladder. Several lymphadenopathies were also discovered. A frozen section, a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and a total abdominal hysterectomy were performed. The results of the histology suggested a benign leiomyoma. Her vital signs were steady after surgery, and she fully recovered. The patient was called for a follow-up one week after being released for surgical suture removal and evaluation. The patient was discharged on the sixth postoperative day in good condition.
Conclusion: In determining if uterine smooth muscle tumors are benign or malignant, clinical characteristics, physical examination, imaging, and pathological findings are still considered very useful. The histopathology examination is still the most reliable diagnostic tool. The decision to perform a hysterectomy on this patient was determined accordingly to the tumor's size, probability of malignancy, and increasing morbidity.