Link of Video Abstract: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTXRefXDzlU
Background: Tracheotomy is a surgical procedure often performed in the field of ear, nose, throat-head, and neck surgery. This study aims to analyze the risk factors for tracheotomy complications based on age, clinical status, operator characteristics and surgical landmarks.
Methods: This study was analytically observational with a case-control design using secondary data. The study was conducted at Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. Patients who had a tracheotomy for the period January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 and met the research criteria were included as samples.
Results: This study obtained 174 patients with 136 men and 38 women. Analysis of the correlation between age and the incidence of tracheotomy complications obtained p=0.008 (p<0.05). The correlation between clinical status of patients with complications of tracheotomy was found to be significant (p=0.001). The correlation between operator characteristics and tracheotomy complications was significant (p=0.000) and the correlation between surgical landmarks and tracheotomy complications was significant (p= 0.000).
Conclusion: The correlation between age, the patient's clinical status, operator characteristics and surgical landmarks with the incidence of tracheotomy complications from 174 patients who underwent tracheotomy surgery at Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya showed that these factors mutually influence the postoperative complications of tracheotomy.