Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/FcVVr3DoiOs
Background: Obesity is an issue with public health that affects people worldwide and raises morbidity and mortality rates. In addition to dietary factors, non-nutritional factors like meal frequency and duration also contribute to the increased risk of obesity. This study aims to evaluate the duration of meals that will be compared between obese subjects who receive a mini low carbohydrate diet and those who do not.
Methods: Used a cross-sectional, quasi-experimental design in this study. Seven days of testing on 70 obese subjects who met the inclusion criteria for this study were conducted in November at the Palangka Raya city health center. Using a stopwatch to time the length of each meal in seconds and fasting blood glucose tests. Paired T-test and Independent Sample T-test are used in statistical analysis, while Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests are used in the non-parametric analysis. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for Windows.
Results: Blood glucose levels and eating speed did not correlate significantly in the mini low carbohydrate diet (M-LCD) group (p>0.05), but they correlated significantly in the control group (CG) (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in fasting blood glucose of the M-LCD and CG groups (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There was no correlation between meal speed and fasting glucose levels in the M-LCD group, but there was a significant difference between the M-LCD and CG groups' fasting blood glucose levels.