Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Exclusive breast milk by working mothers as a new habit: a literature review

  • Dini Setiarsih ,
  • Rizki Amalia ,
  • Rizki Nurmalya Kardina ,


The Indonesian government, WHO and UNICEF recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. Not only for babies, but breastfeeding is also beneficial for mothers, including helping delay pregnancy, accelerating health recovery and providing positive psychological effects. However, one of the obstacles to exclusive breastfeeding is the problem of working mothers. This study aimed to explain exclusive breast milk by working mothers as a new habit. This study is a literature review with the stages of problem formulation, literature search, data extraction, data analysis and interpretation. However, it is proven that many working mothers experience success in exclusive breastfeeding. Good management is one of the keys. The motivation of mothers and families must be built from an early age. With the right education, the knowledge and attitudes of mothers and families on the importance of exclusive breastfeeding can be realized.


  1. Mufdlilah. Guidebook for Empowerment of Breastfeeding Mothers in the Exclusive Breastfeeding Program. Yogyakarta; 2017.
  2. Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. Indonesia Health Profile 2019. Jakarta; 2020.
  3. Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection and the Central Bureau of Statistics. Indonesian Women’s Profile 2018. Jakarta; 2018.
  4. Ulhaq Z, Rahmayanti M. Literature Thesis Writing Guide Reviews. Maulana Malik Ibrahim State Islamic University; 2020.
  5. Balogun OO, Dagvadorj A, Anigo KM, Ota E, Sasaki S. Factors influencing breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in developing countries: a quantitative and qualitative systematic review. Matern Child Nutr. 2015;11(4):433–51.
  6. Shofia D, Setyanti R, Rokhanawati D. Mother ’ S Experience In Giving Exclusive Breastfeeding. Indones J Multidiciplinary Sci. 2022;1(11):1444–62.
  7. Dieterich CM, Felice JP, O’Sullivan E, Rasmussen KM. Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes for the Mother-Infant Dyad. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2013;60(1):31–48.
  8. Krol KM, Grossmann T. Psychological effects of breastfeeding on children and mothers. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2018;61(8):977–85.
  9. Westerfield KL, Koenig K, Oh R. Breastfeeding: Common Questions and Answers. Am Fam Physician. 2018;98(6):368–73.
  10. Chimoriya R, Scott JA, John JR, Bhole S, Hayen A, Kolt GS, et al. Determinants of Full Breastfeeding at 6 Months and Any Breastfeeding at 12 and 24 Months among Women in Sydney: Findings from the HSHK Birth Cohort Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(15):1–11.
  11. Wahyuni E. Husband’s Support for the Success of Exclusive Breastfeeding for Working Mothers. J Midwifery. 2019;5(4):299–308.
  12. Del Ciampo LA, Del Ciampo IRL. Breastfeeding and the Benefits of Lactation for Women’s Health. Rev Bras Ginecol e Obstet Rev da Fed Bras das Soc Ginecol e Obstet. 2018;40(6):354–9.
  13. Vilar-Compte M, Hernández-Cordero S, Ancira-Moreno M, Burrola-Méndez S, Ferre-Eguiluz I, Omaña I, et al. Breastfeeding at the workplace: a systematic review of interventions to improve workplace environments to facilitate breastfeeding among working women. Int J Equity Health. 2021;20(1):110.
  14. Rothwell W, Butler M, Hunt D, Li J, Eters K. The Handbook of Training Technologies: An Introductory Guide to Facilitating Learning with Technology--From Planning Through Evaluation. 5th ed. 2010.
  15. Purnamasari D, Mufdlilah M. Factors associated with failure of exclusive breastfeeding practice. J Heal Technol Assess Midwifery. 2018;1(1):17–22.
  16. Ummah L. Relationship between Family Support for Working Mothers and Successful Exclusive Breastfeeding. University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta; 2021.
  17. Islamilenia N. The Relationship of Workplace Support to the Success of Exclusive Breastfeeding in the Work Area of the Kedungmundu Health Center. University of Muhammadiyah Semarang.; 2021.
  18. Ariani P, Ayu P, Ariescha Y, Mariana R. Husband ’ s Support Relationship With Exclusive Breastfeeding Of Informal Working Women In The Working Area Of Deli Tua Health Center In 2022. J Kesehat Masy Gizi. 2022;5(1):95–101.
  19. Gianni ML, Bettinelli ME, Manfra P, Sorrentino G, Bezze E, Plevani L, et al. Breastfeeding Difficulties and Risk for Early Breastfeeding Cessation. Nutrients. 2019;11(10):1–9.
  20. Khasanah V. Analysis of Factors Associated with Exclusive Breastfeeding by Mothers of Factory Workers in the Kalirungkut Public Health Center Surabaya. Airlangga University; 2018.

How to Cite

Dini Setiarsih, Rizki Amalia, & Rizki Nurmalya Kardina. (2023). Exclusive breast milk by working mothers as a new habit: a literature review. Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 665–668.




Search Panel