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Exercise improving balance function in the older adult with locomotive syndrome stage 1: a randomized clinical trial

  • Ajeng Hayu Nayasista ,
  • Rwahita Satyawati Dharmanta ,
  • Yudith Dian Prawitri ,
  • Sri Mardjiati Mei Wulan ,
  • Yukio Mikami ,
  • Soenarnatalina Melaniani ,


Introduction: Fall risk is generally increased in older adults. The aging process is linked to several balance issues and gait abnormalities in the elderly. A multicomponent exercise program for older persons that combines locomotor training and cardiovascular exercise may help the aged population's balance and strength. This study aims to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise and locomotor training on the elderly's capacity to balance.

Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial with a pre-test and post-test group design. 24 older adults were divided into an intervention group (locomotor training combined with aerobic exercise) and a control group (aerobic exercise only). They underwent locomotor training 3 times a week for 8 weeks under supervision and aerobic exercise 7 times a week 40-70% HR maximal. The pairwise comparisons within-group evaluations, and between-group evaluations used independent- and paired-sample t-tests.

Results: One Leg Stance (OLS) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) test intra-group and inter-group differences were significantly higher (p< 0.05).

Conclusion: The combination of locomotor exercise and aerobic exercise improves static and dynamic balance in older adults with locomotive syndrome stage 1.


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How to Cite

Nayasista, A. H., Rwahita Satyawati Dharmanta, Yudith Dian Prawitri, Sri Mardjiati Mei Wulan, Yukio Mikami, & Soenarnatalina Melaniani. (2023). Exercise improving balance function in the older adult with locomotive syndrome stage 1: a randomized clinical trial. Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 278–282.




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Ajeng Hayu Nayasista
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Rwahita Satyawati Dharmanta
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Yudith Dian Prawitri
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Sri Mardjiati Mei Wulan
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Yukio Mikami
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Soenarnatalina Melaniani
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