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Prediction of hypertension risk as an occupational health disease in palm oil factory workers at Gandapura District, Bireuen Regency, Aceh, Indonesia

  • Yuziani ,
  • Rizka Sofia ,
  • Harvina Sawitri ,

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a condition where the pressure in the blood vessels increases continuously. Stress, a risk factor for hypertension, can be caused by a person's workload exceeding the normal time limit. A job that exceeds the normal time limit can trigger work fatigue so that can affect aspects of mental, physical and work time. There is a relationship between mass index (BMI), waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio measurements with blood pressure in working men and women. Workers in palm oil mills are at risk of developing hypertension because of their daily work activities. The prevalence of hypertension in palm oil factory workers is 18.4%, caused by the risk factors of smoking, obesity and waist circumference ratio. The research will be carried out at the palm oil factory, Bireuen Regency. Sampling was carried out by means of simple random sampling on selected subjects using a cross-sectional design. The end result of this study is a formula for predicting the risk of hypertension in palm oil factory workers. The study aims to make predictions of risk factors for hypertension as an occupational health disease in palm oil factory workers.

Patients and methods: Workers in palm oil mills are at risk of developing hypertension because of their daily work activities. The research will be carried out at the palm oil factory in Bireuen Regency, Aceh, Indonesia. Sampling was carried out by means of simple random sampling on selected subjects using a cross-sectional design.

Results: There is a relationship between BMI, waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio measurements with blood pressure in working men and women. Workers in palm oil mills are at risk of developing hypertension because of their daily work activities.

Conclusion: Most of the oil palm workers were male, had a university education, were married, the amount of income was according to the minimum wage and below the minimum wage, they did not smoke, were physically active, and all workers were not stressed. . Based on the risk of hypertension, the average age of the respondents was 34.4 years, blood pressure was above normal, Body Mass Index was in the overweight category and waist circumference was above normal limits.

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How to Cite

Yuziani, Rizka Sofia, & Harvina Sawitri. (2023). Prediction of hypertension risk as an occupational health disease in palm oil factory workers at Gandapura District, Bireuen Regency, Aceh, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 490–494. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i1.4019

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