Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Profile of female blood donors in the blood transfusion units of Dr. Sardjito Central General Hospital Yogyakarta

  • Teguh Triyono ,
  • Marini Taslima ,
  • Usi Sukorini ,


Introduction: Blood transfusion has been widely used in various medical services due to its benefits. Blood transfusion units (UTD) in Indonesia remain to experience a shortage of 972,552 blood units, or amounted to 18.8%. The percentage of female donors in Indonesia is 27.5%, while that of male donors is 72.5%. This large difference in proportion is caused by various erroneous assumptions, including that women are considered to have donated blood naturally every month through the menstrual process. This study aims to prove the low proportion of female donors and discovering the profile of female donors in the Blood Transfusion Unit (hereinafter referred to as UTD) of Dr. Sardjito General Hospital (hereinafter referred to as RSUP Dr. Sardjito) Yogyakarta.

Methods: This descriptive study utilized data from 62,221 blood donors in 2017–2019 taken from the donor database of the UTD of RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta.

Results: Female donors at RSUP Dr. Sardjito in 2017-2019 reached 13,873 (22.3%) donors, 71.6% of them having an age range of 17-30 and 38.31% of them having blood type O. Rhesus positive was found in 99.58% of donors, while rhesus negative was found in 0.42% of donors. Female donors with a Hb range of 12.5-14 g/dL reached 69.16%, while those with a Hb range of 14.1-15.5 g/dL reached 26.97%. Whole blood component was found in 99.97% of donors, and voluntary donor status was found in 94.25% of donors.

Conclusion: The proportion of female donors is much smaller than that of males, with the majority being whole-blood donors. The most common blood type found in female donors is O, and the highest age range is 17 to 30. The highest Hb range is 12.5-14 g/dL. Most of them are voluntary donors. 


  1. Siraj S, Shazia B, Jallu AS. Gender Differences in Blood Donation among Donors of Kashmir Valley. 2015;14(2):116–9.
  2. Zimmerman BJ, McGregor AJ. Sex- and Gender-Related Factors in Blood Product Transfusions. Gend Genome. 2020;4:247028972094806.
  3. Chaparro CM, Suchdev PS. Anemia Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Etiology in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019;1450(1):15–31.
  4. Middelburg RA, Van Stein D, Zupanska B, et al. Female Donors and Transfusion-related Acute Lung Injury. Transfusion. 2010;50(11):2447–54.
  5. Wise J. Increased Risk of Death for Men Given Blood Transfusions from Previously Pregnant Women, Study Shows. BMJ. 2017;359:4795.
  6. Saxton P. Changes to Blood Donor Deferral in New Zealand Summary for the Gay Community. 2020.
  7. Issues J, With B, Australian. The Blood Donation in Australia. 2020;(1):1–16.
  8. Haslinda, Hariyani I, Siti Mayuningsih I. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Pelayanan Darah di Indonesia. 2018.
  9. Elsafi SH. Demographical Pattern of Blood Donors and Pre-donation Deferral Causes in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. J Blood Med. 2020;11:243–9.
  10. Toogeh G, Mirrezai S, Tabatabaee SM, et al. Women’s Blood Donation: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Reasons for Non-Donation of Blood in Female Staff at Tehran Blood Transfusion Center Gholamreza. 2015;1(3):24–8.
  11. Kasraian L, Ashkani-Esfahani S, Foruozandeh H. Reasons of Under-representation of Iranian Women in Blood Donation. Hematol Transfus Cell Ther. 2021;43(3):256-262. doi: 10.1016/j.htct.2020.03.009
  12. Madrona DP, Dolores Fernández Herrera M, Prados Jiménez D, et al. Women as Whole Blood Donors: Offers, Donations and Deferrals in the Province of Huelva, South-Western Spain. Blood Transfus. 2014;12(1).
  13. Burgdorf KS, Simonsen J, Sundby A, et al. Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Danish Blood Donors. PLoS One. 2017;12(2):1–11.
  14. Apecu RO, Mulogo EM, Bagenda F, et al. ABO and Rhesus (D) Blood Group Distribution among Blood Donors in Rural South Western Uganda: a Retrospective Study. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9(1):1–4.
  15. Singh A, Srivastava R, Deogharia K, et al. Distribution of ABO and Rh Types in Voluntary Blood Donors in Jharkhand Area as a Study Conducted by RIMS, Ranchi. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2016;5(3):631.
  16. Astuti Y, Artini D. Comparative Hemoglobin and Hematocrit Before and After Donation To Blood Donate in Unit Transfusion Yogyakarta City. J Ris Kesehat. 2019;8(2):40.
  17. Murphy WG. The Sex Difference in Haemoglobin Levels in Adults-Mechanisms, Causes, and Consequences. Blood Rev. 2014;28(2):41–7. Doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2013.12.003.
  18. Awidi M, Bawaneh H, Zureigat H, et al. Contributing Factors to Iron Deficiency Anemia in Women in Jordan: A Single-Center Cross-Sectional Study. PLoS One. 2018;13(11):1–10.
  19. Wicaksana A, Triyono T, Intansari U. Factors Influencing Plateletpheresis Donations in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. J thee Med Sci (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran). 2018;50(3).
  20. Charbonneau J, Cloutier MS, Carrier É. Whole Blood and Apheresis Donors in Quebec, Canada: Demographic Differences and Motivations to Donate. Transfus Apher Sci. 2015;53(3):320–8. Doi: 10.1016/j.transci.2015.06.001.

How to Cite

Triyono, T., Marini Taslima, & Usi Sukorini. (2023). Profile of female blood donors in the blood transfusion units of Dr. Sardjito Central General Hospital Yogyakarta . Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 274–277.




Search Panel