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Achievement of Decision-to-Delivery Interval in Emergency Caesarean Section Category 1 During the Covid-19 Pandemic: a Scoping Review

  • Dimas Mardiawan ,
  • Shinta Prawitasari ,


Decision-to-delivery interval of emergency Caesarean Section (CS) Category 1 is a medical intervention that consists of many factors that influence it and should achieve within 30 minutes. In adaptation to the Covid-19 pandemic, health services in hospitals had changed. Thus, this literature review aims to identify factors affecting DDI in emergency CS category 1 during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study was conducted using a scoping review method that referred to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis) protocol. The literature search uses electronic databases such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar with keywords such as “The Covid-19 Pandemic”, “Emergency Caesarean Section”, and “Decision-to-delivery Interval”. Literature included were health reports, clinical practice guidelines or recommendations, and peer-reviewed journal articles without limiting published years. From 451 articles retrieved, 17 articles meet the eligible criteria. Eleven articles discussed factors that influenced DDI of CS emergencies before and during the Covid-19 pandemic and six articles discussed emergency surgery practices recommendations. New factors that had been affecting DDI during the Covid-19 Pandemic were the shortage of health workers number, limited medical supplies, installation of PPE, and infection protocol system due to virus transmission. Postponing elective surgery and new patient triage systems could help the hospitals to achieve decision-to-delivery intervals within the recommended time when medical supplies and shortage of health workers during the Covid-19 Pandemic.


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How to Cite

Mardiawan, D., & Prawitasari, S. (2023). Achievement of Decision-to-Delivery Interval in Emergency Caesarean Section Category 1 During the Covid-19 Pandemic: a Scoping Review. Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 838–842.




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Dimas Mardiawan
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BMJ Journal

Shinta Prawitasari
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal