Background: Several studies link urinary tract infection (UTI) and bladder cancer. However, the association between bladder cancer muscle invasiveness and the incidence of UTI is not known
Objective: This study aimed to study the association between the occurrence of UTI in bladder cancer and the severity of the bladder cancer, specifically in a patient admitted to Karawang regional hospital, Indonesia.
Material and Methods: This is a single-center retrospective case control. Data were obtained through medical records of the patient admitted with bladder cancer in Karawang Regional Hospital from 2019-2021. Diagnosis of Non-muscle invasive Bladder cancer (NMIBC)/Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer (MIBC) and UTI were all obtained through medical records. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the odds ratio between these variables and the incidence of UTI
Result: A total of 59 samples were obtained. 57.7% were males, and 42.3% were females, with a mean age of 59 years and distributed into two groups, NMIBC/MIBC. There are also no significant gender and age difference between groups. Our data showed no significant association between bladder cancer muscle invasiveness and the incidence of UTI (OR=1.67; 95%CI 0.218-12.7; p=0.622). Subgroup analysis with different gender also yields no significant result.
Conclusion: UTI incidence increased in MIBC patients compared to NMIBC, but it is not statistically significant.