Background: Breast milk plays a role in cognitive, sensory, and motor development and protects against infections and chronic diseases. The process of breastfeeding will protect the baby from illness, and increase cognitive intelligence and social-emotional development between mother and baby. Duration of breastfeeding was associated with acute illnesses, diarrhea, constipation, and a lower likelihood of being overweight/obese. Thus, this study aimed to the investigated correlation between pregnancy status and delivery type with successful breastfeeding in postpartum mothers at Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital Semarang
Methods: This type of research was analytical descriptive, conducted in December 2021 with purposive sampling and a sample size of 120 respondents. The inclusion criteria of postpartum mothers who breastfeed their babies, mothers who are in good health, and baby who has no congenital abnormalities. Respondents who refused and who have babies with congenital abnormalities are excluded from the study. The data was extracted from the questionnaire and also coded into the SPSS 25 ver. Data were analyzed descriptively and analytically by using chi-square analysis.
Results: The participant with a planned pregnancy was 107 mothers (89.2%), unplanned 13 mothers (10,8%), section Caesarea type of delivery was 70 mothers (52%) and vaginal type of delivery was 50 mothers (48%). Based on LATCH score analysis planned pregnancy showed good category 38 mothers (31,7%), medium category 69 mothers (57,5%), and planned pregnancy showed good category 4 mothers (3,4%), medium category 8 mothers (6,7%), bad category 1 mother (0,8%). Based on the type of delivery, the vaginal type score was good for 25 mothers (50%), medium for 25 mothers (25%), and the section Caesarea type score was good for 17 mothers (24%), medium for 52 mothers (75%) and bad 1 mothers (1%). Either pregnancy status and type of delivery have P value scores of 0,016 and 0,012, respectively.
Conclusion: A mother that delivers a vaginal has a better level of breastfeeding than SC, and pregnancy status such as planned pregnancy also shows a better level than they are not.