Dynamic balance in obese subjects: before and after telerehabilitation weight-bearing exercise for better balance
- Astika Cahya Noviana ,
- Meisy Andriana ,
- I Putu Alit Pawana ,
- Damayanti Tinduh ,
- Hermina Novida ,
- Soenarnatalina Melaniani ,
Background: People with obesity tend to have balance disturbance and a higher fall risk than those with normal BMI. The Weight-bearing Exercise for Better Balance (WEBB) is an exercise program that could improve balance in the elderly population, but no study implementing the WEBB program on obese subjects. This study aims to analyze the effects of the telerehabilitation WEBB program on dynamic balance in obese subjects, measured by Maximized Reach Distance (%MAXD) and a composite score of the Modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT).
Methods: Ten male participants aged 18-30 were recruited. Participants underwent the WEBB program 3 times a week for 8 weeks in their own homes under the supervision of the researchers. The intensity of the exercise was increased every 2 weeks. For the analysis, %MAXD and composite score mSEBT were used to assess the dynamic balance before and after the WEBB program.
Results: There was a significant increase (p < 0.05) in %MAXD of both sides and all directions. The mSEBT composite score of both sides also significantly increased (p < 0.05). All the statistical results showed large effect sizes.
Conclusion: The WEBB program through telerehabilitation is proven to significantly improve dynamic balance, as indicated by an increase in %MAXD and mSEBT composite scores in obese subjects.