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Experiences of HIV/AIDS women in planning their pregnancies during the COVID-19 pandemic

  • Nur Azizah Indriastuti ,
  • Erna Rochmawati ,
  • Luluk Rosida ,
  • Riski Oktafia ,
  • Rizka Mega Putri Ariyanto ,

Abstract

Introduction: HIV/AIDS has become a public health problem in many countries along with the increasing number of reported cases and the high mortality rate due to the HIV virus. The HIV virus can infect pregnant women, where pregnant women are at high risk of transmitting the virus to their babies. Transmission of HIV/AIDS from mother to child can be prevented by planning a pregnancy for HIV/AIDS women who want to get pregnant through the PMTCT (Prevention Mother to Child Transmission) program. In the midst of implementing the PMTCT program, the government is faced with the COVID-19 pandemic which causes the public to be advised to postpone pregnancy until the pandemic ends and counseling or consultation regarding family planning is done via telephone. The study aimed to determine the experiences of HIV/AIDS women in planning their pregnancies during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: This research is a Qualitative research with a phenomenological approach which was conducted in March-April 2022 at the Victory Plus Foundation Yogyakarta. Data collection using in-depth interviews. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. Participants in this study were women with HIV/AIDS who were pregnant during the Covid-19 pandemic and women with HIV/AIDS who had given birth with a maximum age of 6 months.

Results: Researchers found 4 themes, which are the experience of women when diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, planning for pregnancy during the Covid-19 pandemic, the condition of pregnancy for women with HIV/AIDS, and social support for women with HIV/AIDS during pregnancy.

Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that some women with HIV/AIDS plan their pregnancies during the COVID-19 pandemic by discussing with their husbands, regularly taking ARVs, using the Calendar application to calculate the fertile period, and checking viral load and CD4 levels.

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How to Cite

Indriastuti, N. A., Erna Rochmawati, Luluk Rosida, Riski Oktafia, & Rizka Mega Putri Ariyanto. (2023). Experiences of HIV/AIDS women in planning their pregnancies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 467–476. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i1.3692

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Nur Azizah Indriastuti
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Erna Rochmawati
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Luluk Rosida
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Riski Oktafia
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Rizka Mega Putri Ariyanto
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