Introduction: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is still high and is expected to continue to increase. An increase follows this increase in the number of side events, so innovation is needed in DM therapy. DM induces oxidative stress so antioxidants can be an alternative therapy for DM. One source of antioxidants whose use is still limited is the banana plant, especially the banana stem. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of kepok banana stem extract (Musa paradisiaca Var. Balbisiana colla) on MDA levels in diabetic rats.
Methodology/Approach: The study used a post-test-only control group design on 24 male rats (Rattus novergicus) Sprague Dawley strain with a bodyweight of 150-250 grams and ± eight weeks old. Rats were divided into four groups, namely the metformin treatment for positive control, distilled water for the negative control, and stem banana extract dose of 200 mg/kg BW and 250 mg/kg BW as treatment group of mice induced diabetes using STZ-NA and given treatment according to the group for 14 days. MDA level measurement using the TBARS method on rat liver. Data were analyzed using the One Way ANOVA comparison test.
Results: MDA levels in the positive control group, negative control, treatment 1 (200 mg), and treatment 2 (250 mg) were 0.9790 + 0.52 mg/dl, 0.7533 + 0.58 mg/dl, 1.2510 + 0.52 mg/dl, 1.5175 + 0.53 mg /dl. There was no statistically significant difference in MDA levels between groups (p=0.182), but there was a decrease in blood glucose levels in the group treatment. The highest decrease in blood glucose levels was in the dose treatment group, 250 mg/kg BW.
Conclusion:The treatment of kepok banana stem extract (Musa paradisiaca Var. Balbisinia colla) for 14 days at 200mg/kg BW and 250mg/kg BW increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, although not statistically significant.