Is strategic purchasing the right strategy to improve a health systemâ€™s performance? A systematic review
- Djavad Ghoddoosi-Nezhad ,
- Ali Janati ,
- Morteza Arab Zozani ,
- Leila Doshmagir ,
- Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani ,
- Ali Imani ,
Purpose: This study aims to systematically review and investigate the benefits and challenges of strategic purchasing implementation in health systems and suggests a basis for improving their performance.
Method: This is a systematic review in which electronic databases and search enginesâ€”including PubMed, Springer, OvidSP, ProQuest, Google scholar and Scopus, along with related journals, library, and grey literatureâ€”were searched for related articles from 1990 to 2015. Updates were added to the searches if found. Search strategies included the combination of two sets of keywords (â€œpurchasing,â€ â€œcontractingâ€ OR â€œcommissioningâ€ OR â€œbuyingâ€ OR â€œprocurementâ€) with (â€œstrategicâ€ OR â€œactiveâ€ OR â€œproactiveâ€). Articles in English or Farsi, which discussed benefits and challenges of strategic purchasing in a health context, were eligible to be included in the study. Two researchers independently completed all steps of the research. Quality assessment of all included articles for final review were done using related checklists.
Results: 2049 records identified through searching databases, which were refined to 23 final articles. Based on the result of this study, the benefits of strategic purchasing implementation in health systems were reported as higher quality, higher efficiency, better value for money (VfM), while high administrative costs, issues in priority setting, a need for accurate information and political issues were among the main challenges and disadvantages.Conclusion: Strategic purchasing can be a healthy useful option for every health system to adequately reach health system objectives.