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Prevalence and characteristics of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) in on-pump cardiac surgery patients at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital Semarang

  • Widya Istanto Nurcahyo ,
  • Ginanto Auzan Adhyatmoko ,
  • Muhammad Farhan Kurniawan ,
  • Chandra Hermawan Manapa ,
  • Satrio Adi Wicaksono ,
  • Cindy Elfira Boom ,
  • Zainal Muttaqin ,


Background: Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction or POCD is a reversible decline in the cognitive function of patients after surgery. The risk factors for POCD are age, comorbidities, duration of CPB, intraoperative hypoperfusion, duration of ventilator use, and postoperative sedation are risk factors of POCD. This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients who undergo on-pump cardiac surgery at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital.

Methods: This study's population was all patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery at Dr. RSUP. Kariadi in July 2021-December 2021. The study subject was 97 patients, obtained by total sampling technique. The study subjects were examined for cognitive function with MoCA-INA one day before surgery and the third day after surgery. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23 for Windows.

Results: There were 68 (70.1%) patients who experienced POCD and 29 (29.9%) patients who did not experience POCD. The median age of patients with POCD is 50 (18-68) years and 36 (18-63) years for patients without POCD. Based on MAP during CPB, patients with POCD had a median of 64 (51-80) minutes. In patients with POCD, the median length of CPB was 53 (22-92) minutes, and the median length of the aortic cross-clamp clamp was 35 (11-69) minutes.

Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of POCD patients after on-pump cardiac surgery, as many as 70.1% at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital.


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How to Cite

Nurcahyo, W. I., Adhyatmoko, G. A. ., Kurniawan, M. F. ., Manapa, C. H. ., Wicaksono, . S. A. ., Boom, C. E. ., & Muttaqin, . . Z. . (2023). Prevalence and characteristics of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) in on-pump cardiac surgery patients at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital Semarang. Bali Medical Journal, 12(2), 1713–1717.




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Widya Istanto Nurcahyo
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Ginanto Auzan Adhyatmoko
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Muhammad Farhan Kurniawan
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Chandra Hermawan Manapa
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Satrio Adi Wicaksono
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Cindy Elfira Boom
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Zainal Muttaqin
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