Background: Nasal polyps are benign chronic inflammatory masses with epithelial tissues of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses. The clinical diagnosis is made based on sinonasal symptoms for more than three months and the presence of polyps in the nasal cavity. The classification of nasal polyps based on the histopathological structure is divided into three types, i.e., oedematous, eosinophilic polyps, inflammatory polyps, and chronic seromucous inflammatory polyps. This study aims to describe the profile of patients with nasal polyps at Dr. Soetomo Public Hospital Surabaya.
Methods: This study applied a descriptive method with a retrospective approach by obtaining data from the medical records of the outpatient unit in the Ear, Nose, Throat, and Head-Neck (ENT-HN) Department of Dr. Soetomo Public Hospital Surabaya for the period January 2017-December 2018 based on age, gender, clinical symptoms, symptoms duration, polyp types, location of nasal polyp, and comorbidities.
Results: The number of patients with nasal polyps was slightly more in women, as many as 13 patients or 52%, mostly aged 51-60 years old, amounting to 11 patients or 44%. The most common clinical symptom experienced by patients was nasal obstruction, as many as 24 patients or 96%. Patients who experienced symptom duration for one to three years before treatment amounted to 13 patients or 52%. Patients with histopathology of inflammatory nasal polyps were 19 patients or 76%, while patients of nasal eosinophil polyps were six patients or 24%. Additionally, patients with comorbidity in nasal polyps of allergic rhinitis medical history were 11 patients or 44%. Also, bilateral nasal polyps were mostly experienced by patients, reaching 14 patients or 56%.
Conclusion: This study reveals nasal polyps in women aged 51-60 years with clinical symptoms of nasal obstruction with the results of a histopathological examination of the inflammation type at bilateral polyps.