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Factors influencing Bromage score in post-spinal anesthesia patients

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  • Published: 2022-09-12


Introduction: Bromage score is used in assessing patients post-spinal anesthesia while the patient is in the recovery room. Patients can be transferred to the treatment room from the recovery room if they have achieved a Bromage score of <2. Post-anesthesia recovery is significant to pay attention to because if there are obstacles in post-anesthesia recovery, it will cause some complications that the patient needs a long time in the treatment room. Several factors may be related to Bromage score, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) physical status, age, gender, the dose of local anesthetic drugs, and other factors. 

Methods: This type of research Observational Analytics used secondary data with a cross-sectional study design with 327 participants. Data analysis using coefficient contingency correlation test. 

Results: The majority of 315 (96.6%) patients achieved a Bromage score of 1, with the highest number of patients aged (12-45 years). Patients with ASA physical status 1, a male and spinal anesthetic with a dose of Bupivacaine 10 mg – 15.5 mg achieved the most Bromage score 1. There was a significant relationship between gender and Bromage score in patients after spinal anesthesia, p-value = 0.048 (p-value < 0.05).

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between sex and the Bromage score, and there is no significant relationship between ASA physical status, age, and local anesthetic dose with the Bromage score.


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How to Cite

Karnina, R., Rahayu, N. S., & Faruk, M. . (2022). Factors influencing Bromage score in post-spinal anesthesia patients. Bali Medical Journal, 11(3), 1146–1150. Retrieved from




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Resiana Karnina
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Nandya Satyaning Rahayu
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Muhammad Faruk
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