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Systematic literature review: potential anti hyperglycemia Imperata cylindrica


Introduction: Imperata cylindrica or cogon grass can be found throughout the world. This wild plant, which is considered a weed, has several properties including antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. This review article aimed to discuss the antidiabetic effects of I. cylindrica.

Methods: There were 12 full text articles published from 2005 to 2021 which were relevant for review. Through in vitro and in vivo studies which show that the active compounds of I. cylindrica have the potential to be antidiabetic agents.

Results: Several studies have shown that I. cylindrica has phenolic compounds, flavonoids and tannin which have antioxidant effects. Flavonoids as antioxidative properties prevent cell damage caused by free radicals reactive. By donating their hydrogen atoms or the ability to adhere metals, in the form of glucosides or a form called aglycones so that they can reduce blood glucose levels. I. cylindrica was processed as extracts or decoction.

Conclusion: It was concluded that I. cylindrica is the potential to have an anti-diabetic effect.


  1. Anggraeni N, Syamsunarno MRAA, Widyastuti R, Puspitasari IM, Praptama S. Potential dual effect anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet of cogon grass ethanol extract on diabetic mice a preliminary study. J Phys Conf Ser. 2019;1246(1).
  2. Dhianawaty D, Ruslin R, Syamsunarno MRAA, Haminah H. Kandungan Total Flavonoid Dari Ekstrak Metanol Akar Imperata cylindrical (L) Beauv. (Alang-alang). Talent Conf Ser Trop Med. 2018;1(3):025–8.
  3. Jung YK, Shin D. Imperata cylindrica: A review of phytochemistry, pharmacology, and industrial applications. Molecules. 2021;26(5).
  4. Mu’Nisa A, Syamsia, Rachmawaty, Muflihunna A, Sari DK. The Influence of Some Plant Extracts that are Potential in the Antichiperglicemia. J Phys Conf Ser. 2019;1244(1).
  5. Vs A, Kalaivani S, Mrk R, Prabhu K, Venkataramiah C, Cs J, et al. The Antioxidant Study of One Ayurvedic Formulation Madhukasavam. 2021;12(68):34216–22.
  6. Zada A, Dewanto J, Dahlan A, Dhianawaty D, Syamsunarno M, Mukarromah G, et al. Root extract of Imperata cylindrica L. improves serum nitric oxide levels in diabetic mice. In: Unity in Diversity and the Standardisation of Clinical Pharmacy Services. CRC Press; 2017. p. 367–70.

How to Cite

Sulistyowati, E., & Aziz, M. R. (2022). Systematic literature review: potential anti hyperglycemia Imperata cylindrica. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 752–756.




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Erna Sulistyowati
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BMJ Journal

Muhammad Rofif Aziz
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BMJ Journal