Introduction: Imperata cylindrica or cogon grass can be found throughout the world. This wild plant, which is considered a weed, has several properties including antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. This review article aimed to discuss the antidiabetic effects of I. cylindrica.
Methods: There were 12 full text articles published from 2005 to 2021 which were relevant for review. Through in vitro and in vivo studies which show that the active compounds of I. cylindrica have the potential to be antidiabetic agents.
Results: Several studies have shown that I. cylindrica has phenolic compounds, flavonoids and tannin which have antioxidant effects. Flavonoids as antioxidative properties prevent cell damage caused by free radicals reactive. By donating their hydrogen atoms or the ability to adhere metals, in the form of glucosides or a form called aglycones so that they can reduce blood glucose levels. I. cylindrica was processed as extracts or decoction.
Conclusion: It was concluded that I. cylindrica is the potential to have an anti-diabetic effect.