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Analysis between cognitive impairment with the level of disability post-stroke patients: A cross-sectional study

  • Siti Nur Hasina ,
  • Nur Ainiyah ,
  • Anggy Dyayu Nur Wardhini ,
  • Lono Wijayanti ,

Abstract

Introduction: The condition that appears in patients who have had a stroke is cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment can worsen the condition of stroke patients so that it can slow down the recovery process and have a high risk of disability. This study aims to analyze the correlation between cognitive impairment and the level of disability in post-stroke patients.

Methods: This study uses a correlational analytical design with a cross sectional technique design with a population of 70 participants and a sampling technique using consecutive sampling obtained a sample of 64 participants. The independent variable in this study is cognitive impairment of post-stroke patients while the dependent variable is the level of disability of post-stroke patients. The instrument for collecting data on cognitive impairment was using the MoCA-Ina questionnaire and the level of disability using the WHODAS questionnaire. The data were analyzed using the Spearman Rank test with significance < 0.05.

Results: The results of this study showed that most of the 52 (81.2%) participants had cognitive impairment and most of the 42 (65.6%) participants had moderate disabilities and a small portion of 10 (15.6%) participants had severe disabilities. The results of statistical tests on the relationship between cognitive impairment and the level of disability in post-stroke patients through the Spearman Rank test showed p = 0.000 with coefficient correlation 0.665.

Conclusions: The analysis test showed a strong correlation between cognitive impairment and the level of disability in post-stroke patients. Post-stroke patients with cognitive impairment must be treated properly so that it does not result in disability in patients that has a direct impact on the psychosocial and quality of life of the patient.

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How to Cite

Hasina, S. N., Ainiyah, N., Wardhini, A. D. N. ., & Wijayanti, L. (2022). Analysis between cognitive impairment with the level of disability post-stroke patients: A cross-sectional study. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 742–746. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i2.3406

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