Introduction: Hypospadias, the most common congenital genital anomaly, is defined as the abnormal ventral opening of the urethral meatus extent from the proximal tip of the glans penis, penis rod, scrotum until perineum. The incidence of Hypospadias continued to increase from time to time. Urethroplasty and orthoplasty is the only possible treatment for Hypospadias until this time. Surgical reconstruction cannot always be done in one step, many cases need more than one reconstruction even though an experienced surgeon did it. This study aims to describe patients’ characteristics in Arifin Achmad General Hospital.
Methods: This is a descriptive retrospective study using a total sampling method and carried out 28 hypospadias patients at Pediatric Surgery of Arifin Achmad General Hospital from January 2019 until December 2020. Data were analyzed descriptively to describe the patient’s characteristics including age, hypospadias type, frequency of surgery based on Hypospadias type, day of hospitalization based on surgical procedure, complication after surgery based on Hypospadias type, and advanced treatment for the complication.
Results: From 28 patients with hypospadias, it could be concluded that the highest number of hypospadias patients found in the 0-5 years age group (50%) with the most common type was penoscrotal as many as 12 cases (43%). One stage procedure was predominant and attributed to 75% more than multistage procedure (25%). Chordectomy procedure got hospitalized for 3 days and multi procedure (cordectomy + urethroplasty + scrotoplasty) got hospitalized for 7 days. Fistula urethrocutaneous majority found in shaft penile type as a complication after surgery (78%) and had cutaneous fistula closure as an advanced treatment for the complication. From the 28 cases, 23 cases were successful without complication (82%) and 5 cases had fistula as a complication after surgery (18%).
Conclusion: Hypospadias treatment in Pediatric Surgery division at Arifin Achmad General Hospital such as Characteristics of hypospadias patient and surgical outcome majority had satisfied outcome and advanced treatment for complication after surgery is fistula urethrocutaneous closure.