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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Related to Organ Donation Among Healthcare Workers at University of Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC)

  • Wan Haslina Wan Abdul Halim ,
  • Norshamsiah Mohd Din ,
  • Viknesh Kuppusamy ,
  • Sinaran Samsuri ,
  • Nurul Ayuni Syafiqah Mat Ropi ,
  • Thivyasri Kanapathy ,
  • Nur Najihah Mohd Shaiful Bahri ,

Abstract

Purpose: The demand for organ donation is progressively increasing in Malaysia. Healthcare personnel play a crucial role in educating potential donors. This study is aimed to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding organ donation and associated factors among healthcare workers in UKMMC.

Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 255 healthcare workers in UKMMC. Subjects were divided into three groups: doctors, nurses and health assistants. There were 85 participants in each group. A validated 39-item contain self-administered questionnaire was used to assess participants' level of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding organ donation.

Results: The mean score is highest among doctors as compared to nurses and health assistants respectively in terms of knowledge (121.74 (84.0%) ± 12.19; 115.32 (79.5%) ± 14.16; 109.71 (75.7%) ± 13.63, p <0.001), attitude (50.27 (83.8%) ± 5.70; 43.00 (71.7%) ± 6.88; 42.34 (70.6%) ± 6.85, p <0.001) and practice (6.33 (63.3%) ± 1.75; 4.33 (43.3%) ± 2.19; 3.33 (33.3%) ± 2.31, p <0.001). Further analysis showed the attitude and practice towards organ donation were significantly higher among doctors (p=0.001), those with tertiary education (p=0.001), males (p=0.001), the Indian ethnicity (p=0.001), Hindus (p=0.001) and those with a high monthly income (>RM10000) (p=0.001). However, knowledge was significantly associated with younger age (21-30) (p=0.026), being Chinese (p=0.034) and having a moderate monthly income (RM5000-10000) (p=0.001).

Conclusion: The factors which affect attitude and practice are not associated with knowledge. Despite good knowledge, willingness to donate is low when attitude is poor. An organ donation campaign should be conducted to increase attitude and practice among those who have knowledge but are not willing to practise.

References

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How to Cite

Wan Abdul Halim, W. H., Mohd Din, N., Kuppusamy, V., Samsuri, S., Mat Ropi, N. A. S., Kanapathy, T., & Mohd Shaiful Bahri, N. N. (2023). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Related to Organ Donation Among Healthcare Workers at University of Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 692–698. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i1.3192

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Wan Haslina Wan Abdul Halim
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Norshamsiah Mohd Din
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Viknesh Kuppusamy
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Sinaran Samsuri
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Nurul Ayuni Syafiqah Mat Ropi
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Thivyasri Kanapathy
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Nur Najihah Mohd Shaiful Bahri
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