Background: Maternal with to COVID-19 is a new maternal emergency issue leading to maternal morbidity and mortality. In Indonesia, the number of cases of maternal mortality with COVID-19 began to increase. This study aims to determine the characteristic of maternal deaths due to COVID-19 in a tertiary care center in Indonesia.
Method: This observational-retrospective study descriptively analyzed 15 maternal deaths due to COVID-19 admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the tertiary care teaching hospital from March to December 2020. We included suspect, probable, and confirmed COVID-19 in the samples. Therefore, the total sampling was recorded and analyzed descriptively by Microsoft Excel.
Results: There are fifteen maternal deaths from 429 maternal cases with COVID-19 in our hospital. The majority ages were in the age group 19-35 years (73.33%); body mass index (BMI) 25-29.9 (33.33%); five days average length of stay; one comorbidity (53.33%); and multiple comorbidities (20.00%). The case fatality rate (CFR) of maternal death due to COVID-19 is 3.49% were profiled out this study. The most cause of death was acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (53.33%).
Conclusions: Most common characteristics of the object of this study were the age between 19-35 years, comorbidity, obesity, upper respiratory tract symptoms, elevated D-dimer, and the complication of ARDS, which are the risk factors of the deaths.