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Psychological and coping strategies of the red zone community: a cross-sectional study of COVID-19 pandemic in rural area in Indonesia

Abstract

Introduction: People who live in red zone communities are at high risk of COVID-19 transmission. This condition can elicit various societal reactions, both physically and psychologically. This psychological response will urge them to search for alternative solutions. The fundamental purpose of this study was to determine the psychological state and coping mechanism, especially for people living in the rural red zone.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 12.423 persons living in a rural area of East Java province. According to Krejcie and Morgan's table, the sample size was 372 participants. The questionnaires were circulated through social media applications and a Google form. Two experts examined the validity of the content. In early June 2021, data collection began. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Results: The population suffers from three categories of ailments, the most common of which are anxiety and stress. The community employs both emotion-focused and problem-focused coping mechanisms. Seeking emotional and instrumental social support, turning to religion, acceptance, mental and behavioral divergence, active coping activities, focusing and releasing emotions, denial, and bodily symptoms are examples of coping mechanisms. The findings also show a significant relationship between several demographic variables, precisely age and coping strategies. People who live in the rural red zone have varied psychological reactions, such as anxiety and stress. The community's coping mechanisms tend to revolve around releasing emotions and denial.

Conclusions: The increasing prevalence of COVID-19 contributes to the onset of psychological health problems in some people living in the red zone. When psychological health difficulties occur, they urge an individual to develop coping mechanisms for coping with the current condition.

References

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How to Cite

Laili, N., Mariani, M., Suhartini, T., & Handayani, E. (2022). Psychological and coping strategies of the red zone community: a cross-sectional study of COVID-19 pandemic in rural area in Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 706–710. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i2.3141

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