Incident analysis of patient safety in hospital: Based on feedback and supervision concept
- Agus Aan Adriansyah ,
- Budhi Setianto ,
- Nikmatus Sa'adah ,
- Indah Lestari ,
- Pinky Ayu Marsela Arindis ,
- Wahyu Eka Kurniawan ,
Introduction: The concept of feedback and supervision is at the core of efforts to reduce hospital patient safety incidents. This study aimed to analyze the effect of feedback and supervision on the occurrence of patient safety incidents in hospitals.
Methods: The population included 18 work units that provide services to patients with samples of the unit head or room head, the person in charge of work shifts and the person in charge of patient safety quality. Data in the form of respondents' perceptions were collected through a questionnaire using Google form and analyzed using cross-tabulation and the Pareto approach with a note that it is influential if a difference of >20% is found between the independent and the dependent variable.
Results: The results showed that most of the feedback in the work unit was lacking (50.0%), and supervision in the work unit was good (55.6%). The number of patient safety incidents at the Surabaya Islamic Hospital was dominated by near-injury incidents (NII) with a green rating. The outpatient unit is the unit with the highest incidence. Feedback and supervision affect the number of patient safety incidents because they have a difference of 22.2% and 52.5%, respectively. This study has shown that hospital patient safety incidents are influenced by feedback and supervision.
Conclusion: This study showed that feedback and supervision influence the incidence of patient safety incidents in hospitals. Therefore, there is a need for training on supervision at the head of the room, providing socialization and education about the importance of patient safety, and increasing the commitment of decision-makers and related stakeholders.