Introduction: Patients undergoing hemodialysis tend to have low self-acceptance; this will impact the willingness to undergo treatment and adherence to hemodialysis therapy to recover. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self-acceptance and compliance in undergoing hemodialysis at A. Yani Islamic Hospital in Surabaya.
Methods: The research design is correlational analytic with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all patients who underwent hemodialysis at the A. Yani Islamic Hospital, Surabaya, with 80 patients and a sample size of 36 respondents using a simple random sampling technique. The independent variable in this study was self-acceptance, and the dependent variable was adherence to hemodialysis. The research instrument used a questionnaire. Data analysis used the chi-square test with a significant level of α = 0.05.
Results: The results showed that most respondents who underwent hemodialysis (52.8%) had low self-acceptance, and most (58.3%) had low adherence. The chi-square test results showed p-value = 0.008, which means p < α, then H0 is rejected, indicating a relationship between self-acceptance and compliance with patients undergoing hemodialysis at the A. Yani Islamic Hospital Surabaya. Self-acceptance is directly proportional to the patient's compliance is undergoing hemodialysis. The higher the patient's self-acceptance caused the higher the patient's compliance in undergoing hemodialysis. Families can provide social support to increase the self-acceptance of patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between self-acceptance and compliance of patients undergoing hemodialysis at A. Yani Islamic Hospital Surabaya.