Introduction: Gynecological malignancies are one of the most common causes of death from cancer in women. Hydronephrosis or obstructive uropathy is the most common finding in patients with gynecological malignancy. This study aimed to describe the profile of obstructive uropathy patients causes of gynecology malignancies treated in our center from 2019 to 2021.
Method: From January 2019 to January 2021, obstructive uropathy patients with gynecological malignancies who underwent DJ stent or nephrostomy insertion procedures at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital were included in this prospective study. Patients with a history of urinary diversion or other diseases that may cause urinary tract obstruction were excluded.
Result: One hundred and twenty-one patients with gynecological malignancies with obstructive uropathy were included. Cervical carcinoma was the most common cause, followed by ovarian carcinoma and endometrial carcinoma. The percentages of bilateral, right-, and left-sided stenting were 72%, 18%, and 10%, respectively. Most of them were grade 3 or grade 4 hydronephrosis. Percutaneous nephrostomy was mainly used for 69,4%, and only 17% of patients experienced a polyuria episode.
Conclusion: Most cases of obstructive uropathy were caused by cervical malignancies, with bilateral obstruction due to cervical cancer occurring in most cases. Nephrostomy is the method of choice for urinary drainage in our center.