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The correlation of knowledge of prevention with neuropathy treatment in diabetes mellitus patients in Sukoharjo regency

Abstract

Introduction: Acute and chronic complications can occur in diabetes mellitus with high blood glucose levels and tend to fluctuate. The most common chronic complication is diabetic neuropathy. Treatment of diabetic neuropathy that is not carried out can lead to diabetic foot ulcers and even amputation. The prevention of diabetic neuropathy can be done by improving patients' knowledge to ease neuropathy treatment; as a result, the disability can be avoided. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge about preventing and treating diabetic neuropathy in people with diabetes mellitus in Sukoharjo.

Methods: This type of research is descriptive with a correlation design using a cross-sectional approach. The population used in this study was all people with diabetes mellitus, who collected 17,403 patients. The sample used was 120 respondents who were selected by purposive sampling. The research instrument used a knowledge questionnaire. To analyze the data, used Spearman Rank correlation test.

Results: The sample in this study was 120 respondents obtained by the purposive sampling technique. The sample used as research respondents are people with diabetes mellitus who have met the research criteria. This study uses an instrument in the form of google form with data analysis using the Spearman rank test. The results showed the respondents' knowledge level was excellent, as many as 76.7% of 120 respondents and the treatment of diabetic neuropathy was good as many as 65% of 120 respondents. Spearman Rank test results showed an r count of 0.439 and a p-value of 0.001 (<0.05).

Conclusion: Based on the research that has been done, it can be concluded that knowledge about the prevention of neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus in Sukoharjo Regency is mostly very good, the management of neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus in Sukoharjo Regency is mostly good. There is a significant relationship between knowledge about the prevention and treatment of diabetic neuropathy in people with diabetes mellitus in the Sukoharjo Regency.

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How to Cite

Purwanti, O. S., & Novitasari, E. (2021). The correlation of knowledge of prevention with neuropathy treatment in diabetes mellitus patients in Sukoharjo regency. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1342–1346. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2910

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