Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Systematic review: family efforts in preventing covid-19 on special needs children

  • Amin Samiasih ,
  • Dera Alfiyanti ,
  • Mariyam Mariyam ,

Abstract

Introduction: Indonesia has experienced a crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Both adults and children are affected by the crisis. The incidence of COVID-19 in children is not as many as in adults, but prevention efforts need to be done by families. Likewise for children with special needs. The article aims to explain family effort in preventing COVID-19 on children with special needs.

Method: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify papers on family efforts to prevent COVID-19 in children with special needs using the PubMed databases between 1st of January and 31st of December 2020. The search identified 15 relevant scientific papers.

Results: Indonesia has 80 million children (about 30 percent of the population), and although the health risk from COVID-19 infection is lower in children compared to the older age group, children are most likely to be severely affected by COVID-19 in both the short and long term. Family efforts during the pandemic COVID-19 aim to provide necessities and care, provide nutritional needs, maintain children learning process, protect children from violence, exploitation, and abuse.

Conclusion: Family efforts in preventing COVID-19 include providing knowledge, regional authority, mental health services, finance, nutrition and health, education, and child protection. Studies regarding the impact of COVID-19 on children with special needs have been undertaken, although not many. 

References

  1. Jonas, Ludvigsson. Systematic Review Of Covid-19 In Children Shows Milder Cases And A Better Prognosis Than Adults. N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 20;382(8):727–33.
  2. Ludvigsson Jf. Systematic Review Of Covid-19 In Children Shows Milder Cases And A Better Prognosis Than Adults. Vol. 109, Acta Paediatrica, International Journal Of Paediatrics. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2020;1088–95.
  3. Ren J, Li X, Chen S, Chen S, Nie Y. The Influence Of Factors Such As Parenting Stress And Social Support On The State Anxiety In Parents Of Special Needs Children During The Covid-19 Epidemic. Front Psychol. 2020;10-11.
  4. Julian Higgins By P, Green S. Ote/Sph Cochrane Handbook For Systematic Reviews Of Interventions Cochrane Handbook For Systematic Reviews Of Interventions: Cochrane Book Series Edited [Internet]. 2008. Available From: Www.Wiley.Com
  5. Higgins Jp, Green S. Cochrane Handbook For Systematic Reviews Of Interventions: Cochrane Book Series. Cochrane Handb Syst Rev Interv Cochrane B Ser [Internet]. 2008 Sep 22 [Cited 2021 Jul 19];1–649. Available From: Https://Onlinelibrary.Wiley.Com/Doi/Book/10.1002/9780470712184
  6. Who. Report Of The Who-China Joint Mission On Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) [Internet]. 2020 [Cited 2021 Jul 5]. Available From: Https://Www.Who.Int/Docs/Default-Source/Coronaviruse/Who-China-Joint-Mission-On-Covid-19-Final-Report.Pdf
  7. Dong Y, Dong Y, Mo X, Hu Y, Qi X, Jiang F, Et Al. Epidemiology Of Covid-19 Among Children In China. Vol. 145, Pediatrics. American Academy Of Pediatrics; 2020.
  8. Liu Jj, Bao Y, Huang X, Shi J, Lu L. Mental Health Considerations For Children Quarantined Because Of Covid-19. Vol. 4, The Lancet Child And Adolescent Health. Elsevier B.V.; 2020;347–9.
  9. Brooks Sk, Webster Rk, Smith Le, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, Et Al. The Psychological Impact Of Quarantine And How To Reduce It: Rapid Review Of The Evidence. Vol. 395, The Lancet. Lancet Publishing Group; 2020. P. 912–20.
  10. Dalton L, Rapa E, Stein A. Protecting The Psychological Health Of Children Through Effective Communication About Covid-19. Vol. 4, The Lancet Child And Adolescent Health. Elsevier B.V.; 2020;346–7.
  11. Cao W, Fang Z, Hou G, Han M, Xu X, Dong J, Et Al. The Psychological Impact Of The Covid-19 Epidemic On College Students In China. Psychiatry Res. 2020 May 1;287.
  12. Who. Child Protection Learning Brief #2. 2020.
  13. Ifrc. Covid-19 Outbreak 12-Month Update.
  14. Iasc. Highlights One Year On From The Release Of The Iasc Mhpss Rg Children’s Storybook On Covid-19 In April 2020.
  15. Ravens-Sieberer U, Kaman A, Erhart M, Devine J, Schlack R, Otto C. Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Quality Of Life And Mental Health In Children And Adolescents In Germany. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry [Internet]. 2021 [Cited 2021 Jul 5]; Available From: Https://Pubmed.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/33492480/
  16. Zachariah P, Johnson Cl, Halabi Kc, Ahn D, Sen Ai, Fischer A, Et Al. Epidemiology, Clinical Features, And Disease Severity In Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) In A Children’s Hospital In New York City, New York. Jama Pediatr. 2020 Oct 1;174(10).
  17. Shekerdemian Ls, Mahmood Nr, Wolfe Kk, Riggs Bj, Ross Ce, Mckiernan Ca, Et Al. Characteristics And Outcomes Of Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Infection Admitted To Us And Canadian Pediatric Intensive Care Units. Jama Pediatr. 2020 Sep 1;174(9):868–73.
  18. Hawryluck L, Gold Wl, Robinson S, Pogorski S, Galea S, Styra R. Sars Control And Psychological Effects Of Quarantine, Toronto, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10(7):1206–12.
  19. Dalton L, Rapa E, Stein A. Protecting The Psychological Health Of Children Through Effective Communication About Covid-19 [Internet]. Vol. 4, The Lancet Child And Adolescent Health. Elsevier B.V.; 2020 [Cited 2021 Jul 5]. P. 346–7. Available From: Https://Doi.
  20. Bailey T, Hastings Rp, Totsika V. Covid-19 Impact On Psychological Outcomes Of Parents, Siblings And Children With Intellectual Disability: Longitudinal Before And During Lockdown Design. 2021
  21. Ministry Of Social Affairs Republic Of Indonesia. Persons With Intellectual Disabilities Care About The Impact Of Covid-19 on Society. Ministry Of Social Affairs Republic Of Indonesia [Internet]. 2020. [Cited 2021 Jul 5]. Available From: https://Kemensos.Go.Id/Index.Php/En/Persons-With-Intellectual-Disabilities-Care-About-The-Impact-Of-Covid-19-On-Society
  22. Courtenay K, Perera B. Covid-19 And People With Intellectual Disability: Impacts Of A Pandemic. 2020.
  23. Samhsa. Disaster Distress Helpline | Samhsa [Internet]. 2021. [Cited 2021 Jul 7]. Available From: https://Www.Samhsa.Gov/Find-Help/Disaster-Distress-Helpline
  24. Ramadhan A, Ana F, Tamyis R. Strategic Review Of Food Security And Nutrition In Indonesia. 2019.
  25. Unicef. The State Of Children In 2020 Indonesia. 2020.
  26. The World Bank. Wash (Water, Sanitation & Hygiene) And Covid-19 [Internet]. 2020. [Cited 2021 Jul 7]. Available From: Https://Www.Worldbank.Org/En/Topic/Water/Brief/Wash-Water-Sanitation-Hygiene-And-Covid-19
  27. Bitler Mariane P, Hoynes Hilary W Sdw. The Social Safety Net In The Wake Of Covid-19 On Jstor [Internet]. 2020. [Cited 2021 Jul 7]. Available From: Https://Www.Jstor.Org/Stable/26996638
  28. Unicef. Covid-19 And Children In Indonesia Covid-19 And Children In Indonesia An Agenda For Action To Address Socio-Economic Challenges. 2020. [Cited 2021 Jul 7]; Available From: Https://Www.Unicef.Org/Press-Releases/Un-Launches-Global-
  29. Stokes H, Stafford J, Holdsworth R. Rural And Remote School Education A Survey For The Human Rights And Equal Opportunity Commission. 1999.
  30. Unicef. Final Report Situational Analysis On Digital Learning Landscape In Indonesia. 2021.
  31. Unicef. Covid-19: At Least A Third Of The World’s Schoolchildren Unable To Access Remote Learning During School Closures, New Unicef Report Says [Internet]. 2020. [Cited 2021 Jul 7]. Available From: Https://Www.Unicef.Org/Indonesia/Press-Releases/Covid-19-Least-Third-Worlds-Schoolchildren-Unable-Access-Remote-Learning-During

How to Cite

Samiasih, A., Alfiyanti, D., & Mariyam, M. (2021). Systematic review: family efforts in preventing covid-19 on special needs children. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1279–1284. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2886

HTML
1

Total
36

Share

Search Panel