Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

“Discover the meaning of professionalism”: nursing alumni experience on professional identity: a phenomenology study


Introduction: Professional identity is nursing education institutions' main goal that influences self-perception on the profession's job responsibilities, roles, and characteristics due to professional socialization. However, integrating professional identity to nursing career’s alumni of Bachelor Nursing Program Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta remains limited to explore. This study aims to explore the Bachelor nursing alumni’s lived experience integrating professional identity into their careers in Indonesia.

Methods: A phenomenological approach was used in this study, along with a maximum variation sampling technique. There are seventeen nursing alumni recruited who had been working as professionals in various nursing careers. The data was collected by a semi-structured interview between 60-90 minutes through video calls on WhatsApp. Data analysis was used Colaizzi’s methods and Nvivo 12TM Plus.

Results: Three themes emerged from data; 1) Discover the meaning of professionalism, with three sub-themes: fulfill professional qualification, having expertise, and apply theory into practice; 2) Internalization Islamic values & beliefs, with four sub-themes: caring, having Islamic spirituality, giving excellence, and responsibility; 3) Awareness worked as a professional, with four-subthemes passionate, multitasking, independence, and apply soft skills.

Conclusion: Nursing alumni integrated nursing professionalism into their identity—incorporation of professional identity impacts personal and professional image and boosted nurses’ careers.


  1. Terry J. ‘In the middle’: A qualitative study of talk about mental health nursing roles and work. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 2020;29(3):414-26.
  2. Fitzgerald A, editor Professional identity: A concept analysis. Nursing Forum; 2020: Wiley Online Library.
  3. Landis TT, Severtsen BM, Shaw MR, Holliday CE, editors. Professional identity and hospital?based registered nurses: A phenomenological study. Nursing forum; 2020: Wiley Online Library.
  4. Mao A, Lu S-e, Lin Y, He M. A scoping review on the influencing factors and development process of professional identity among nursing students and nurses. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2020.
  5. ten Hoeve Y, Jansen G, Roodbol P. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper. J Adv Nurs. 2014;70(2):295-309.
  6. Al-Eraky MM, Donkers J, Wajid G, Van Merrienboer JJ. Faculty development for learning and teaching of medical professionalism. Med Teach. 2015;37 Suppl 1:S40-6.
  7. Browne C, Wall P, Batt S, Bennett R. Understanding perceptions of nursing professional identity in students entering an Australian undergraduate nursing degree. Nurse Educ Pract. 2018;32:90-6.
  8. Kristoffersen M. Does professional identity play a critical role in the choice to remain in the nursing profession? Nursing Open. 2021;8(4):1928-36.
  9. Barbarà-i-Molinero A, Cascón-Pereira R, Hernández-Lara Ab. Professional identity development in higher education: influencing factors. International Journal of Educational Management. 2017;31(2):189-203.
  10. Johnson M, Cowin LS, Wilson I, Young H. Professional identity and nursing: contemporary theoretical developments and future research challenges. International nursing review. 2012;59(4):562-9.
  11. Guo YJ, Yang L, Ji HX, Zhao Q. Caring characters and professional identity among graduate nursing students in China-A cross sectional study. Nurse Educ Today. 2018;65:150-5.
  12. Takase M, Teraoka S. Development of the holistic nursing competence scale. Nursing & Health Sciences. 2011;13(4):396-403.
  13. Noble C, O’Brien M, Coombes I, Shaw PN, Nissen L, Clavarino A. Becoming a pharmacist: Students’ perceptions of their curricular experience and professional identity formation. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. 2014;6(3):327-39.
  14. Liaw SY, Wu LT, Chow YL, Lim S, Tan KK. Career choice and perceptions of nursing among healthcare students in higher educational institutions. Nurse Educ Today. 2017;52:66-72.
  15. Fitzgerald AM. The experience of professional identity development in graduating nursing students: University of Northern Colorado; 2016.
  16. Asih ID. Fenomenologi Husserl: Sebuah cara “kembali ke fenomena”. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia. 2005;9(2):75-80.
  17. Streubert H, Carpenter D. Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Perspective. third. JB Lippincott; 2003.
  18. Colaizzi PF. Psychological research as the phenomenologist views it. 1978.
  19. Morrow R, Rodriguez A, King N. Colaizzi’s descriptive phenomenological method. The psychologist. 2015;28(8):643-4.
  20. Carnevale FA. Authentic qualitative research and the quest for methodological rigour. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research Archive. 2016;34(2).
  21. Wenger E. Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity: Cambridge university press; 1998.
  22. Dinmohammadi, Peyrovi, Mehrdad. Concept analysis of professional socialization in nursing. Nursing forum. 2013;48(1):26-34.
  23. Salisu WJ, Dehghan Nayeri N, Yakubu I, Ebrahimpour F. Challenges and facilitators of professional socialization: A systematic review. Nursing open [Internet]. 2019; 6(4):[1289-98 pp.].
  24. Zarshenas L, Sharif F, Molazem Z, Khayyer M, Zare N, Ebadi A. Professional socialization in nursing: A qualitative content analysis. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research. 2014;19(4):432.
  25. Noviani W, Musharyanti L, Pratama RPA. “I Internalize Islamic Values”: Bachelor Nursing Students’ Perception and Experience of Professional Identity in Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2021;9(T4):158-66.
  26. Ismail S, Hatthakit U, Chinnawong T, editors. Islamic based caring in nursing science: A literature review. ASEAN/Asian Academic Society International Conference Proceeding Series; 2015.
  27. Shafakhah M, Molazem Z, Khademi M, Sharif F. Facilitators and inhibitors in developing professional values in nursing students. Nursing ethics. 2018;25(2):153-64.
  28. Donmez RO, Ozsoy S. Factors influencing development of professional values among nursing students. Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 2016;32(4):988.
  29. Atkinson C. Islamic values and nursing practice in Kuwait. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 2015;33(3):195-204.
  30. Poorchangizi B, Farokhzadian J, Abbaszadeh A, Mirzaee M, Borhani F. The importance of professional values from clinical nurses’ perspective in hospitals of a medical university in Iran. BMC medical Ethics. 2017;18(1):1-7.
  31. Halligan P. Caring for patients of Islamic denomination: critical care nurses’ experiences in Saudi Arabia. Journal of clinical nursing. 2006;15(12):1565-73.
  32. Aupia A, Lee T-T, Liu C-Y, Wu S-FV, Mills ME. Caring behavior perceived by nurses, patients and nursing students in Indonesia. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2018;34(4):314-9.
  33. Timorita YA, Hartiti T, Warsito BE, Ismail S. The Association of Islamic based Caring Model and Commitment to Organization in Staff Nurses. BELITUNG! NURSING! 2017:670.
  34. Jafaraghaee F, Mehrdad N, Parvizy S. Influencing factors on professional commitment in Iranian nurses: A qualitative study. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research. 2014;19(3):301.
  35. Johnston Taylor E, Carr MF. Nursing ethics in the seventh-day adventist religious tradition. Nursing ethics. 2009;16(6):707-18.
  36. Almukhaini SJ, Goldberg L, Watson J. Embodying Caring Science as Islamic Philosophy of Care: Implications for Nursing Practice. Advances in Nursing Science. 2020;43(1):62-74.
  37. Hwang JI, Lou F, Han S, Cao F, Kim W, Li P. Professionalism: the major factor influencing job satisfaction among Korean and Chinese nurses. International nursing review. 2009;56(3):313-8.
  38. Kanter RM. Men and women of the corporation: New edition: Basic books; 2008.
  39. Cowin LS, Johnson M, Wilson I, Borgese K. The psychometric properties of five Professional Identity measures in a sample of nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2013;33(6):608-13.
  40. Horton K, Tschudin V, Forget A. The value of nursing: a literature review. Nursing ethics. 2007;14(6):716-40.
  41. Gregg MF, Magilvy JK. Professional identity of Japanese nurses: bonding into nursing. Nursing & health sciences. 2001;3(1):47-55.

How to Cite

Noviani, W., & Rosa, E. M. (2021). “Discover the meaning of professionalism”: nursing alumni experience on professional identity: a phenomenology study. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1257–1262.




Search Panel