Mother's milk is the first food for newborns and is the main nutrition for babies. Efficacy is important in breastfeeding, because it is used as a parameter of the mother's ability to breastfeed. Knowledge is one of the mother's self-efficacy factors for breastfeeding. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an effect of health education on lactation management on breastfeeding self-efficacy in mothers. Method: The research design used is a literature review, starting with topic selection, then searching through several databases, namely Google Scholar and Science Direct by entering key-words. Results and conclusions: From 163 articles, we selected 9 relevant articles to identify the effect of health education on breastfeeding self-efficacy in mothers. Breastfeeding education interventions increase breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant feeding attitudes, and rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Self-efficacy in breastfeeding mothers through a health education approach encourages mothers through self-management to follow a plan (eg, tests, treatment, procedures, behavior change) that is formulated in collaboration with health professionals such as during health education.