Background: Lower extremity injuries are the most common injuries in young athletes due to running, jumping, sudden change of movement, and contact with the other player in most of the sport’s activities. Preventive efforts are the most effective ways to decrease the risk of lower extremity injuries. Functional Movement Screen (FMS) can be considered effective ways in helping to identify risk factors in the young athlete. This study aims to evaluate the FMS as a determinant factor to assess the risk of injuries in young athletes in Jakarta Province, Indonesia
Methods: Participants were young athletes who train in Provincial Student Sports Training Center (PSSTC), South Jakarta. Athlete age less than 18 years old, agree to participate in this research and has normal physical health will be included in this research and proceed to be asked time exposure of training and history of injuries; body posture and FMS examination. Analysis bivariate dan multivariate were done to see if there is the association of seven components of FMS, sex, time exposure of training, history of injuries, body posture and lower extremity injuries. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 for Windows.
Results: There was 87 participant that participated in this research. The data showed that ankle (36.7%), thigh (36.7%) and knee (16.0%) were the three most common lower extremity injuries. Bivariate analysis showed a significant association between hurdle step, time exposure of training, and histories of injuries with the incidence of injuries (p<0.25). Logistic regression multivariate analysis showed that history of injuries (OR=4.276; 95%CI=1.599-11.437) and time exposure of training (OR=3.470; 95%CI=1.274-9.448) had a significant association with incidence of injuries (p<0.05)
Conclusions: There was no association of seven components of FMS with lower extremities injuries. However, there was a significant association of injury histories and training exposure with the incidence of injuries.