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Lung metastasis of gynecologic cancers


The lung is a distant metastatic site of gynecologic cancers. These metastases have clinical characteristics which can be solitary, multiple, solid, or manifest by pleural effusion. Diagnosing and managing lung metastasis is challenging because each type of gynecological cancer has different clinical characteristics. Some gynecologic cancers have tumor markers that can help diagnose lung metastasis; however, others do not have them. The options for managing lung metastasis in gynecologic cancer include; chemotherapy, surgery, or combination therapy. The clinical aspects of lung metastasis from cervical, endometrial, ovarian, vaginal, and vulvar cancers and gestational trophoblastic neoplasia were discussed in this article.


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How to Cite

Tjokroprawiro, B. A. (2021). Lung metastasis of gynecologic cancers. Bali Medical Journal, 10(2), 701–707.




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