Introduction: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) could have short and long-term sequelae, including cognitive and behavioral changes and physical impairments. This study aimed to determine the correlation between post-traumatic amnesia and neurobehavioral disorders in mild and moderate TBI patients.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 75 patients with mild or moderate TBI who had or didn't have a period of post-traumatic amnesia during their hospital stay in the Department of Neurosurgery Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital (RSHS), Bandung, from January to August 2019. The Galveston Orientation Amnesia Test (GOAT) was performed, and neurobehavioral functions were examined in post-TBI patients (mild or moderate) using the neurobehavioral rating scale (NRS), which was performed at the time of hospital discharge.
Results: The subjects were predominated with male patients (76%) with a mean age of 25 years old (15 â€“ 35 years old). The analysis showed that the patients with post-traumatic amnesia had a higher median total NRS score (10.4 [5.0-18.0]) compared to those who didn't have any neurobehavioral disorders (2.6 [1.0-12.0]). The statistical analysis showed that the difference was statistically significant (p-value: 001; r: -0.776).
Conclusion: According to the result, it can be concluded that post-traumatic amnesia was significantly associated with neurobehavioral disorders. However, further study is needed to confirm this finding and assess the other potential factors that may affect both variables.