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Primary infertility of male and female factors, polycystic ovary syndrome and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia dominate the infertile population in agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia


Introduction: Indonesia is a country with a large agricultural and industry, known to utilize various types of pesticides, as well as several other industries with uncontrolled pollution levels distributed across the nation. Besides, numerous studies have stated the adverse effects of chemicals substances used in daily life and industrial waste on the health of living things, including humans. This study aimed to determine the infertility characteristic in the agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia.

Methods: The study was conducted retrospectively on medical records. Therefore, this study determined the infertility characteristics based on sperm analysis, the etiology of the causes of infertility in female, and the diagnosis of infertility. Data collection was obtained from patients' medical records in the Infertile Poly of Mitra Bunda Amanda Hospital Karawang, Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia. 

Result: The results showed infertility was most prevalent in males aged 30-40 years (55.79%) and females below 30 years (61.05%). Furthermore, the male and female's most prevalent educational qualification (33.68% and 36.84%, respectively) was discovered to be high school diploma. In terms of occupation, most male (56.84%) were laborers, while the female was mostly housewives (36.84%). Meanwhile, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia was the most analyzed sperm type (33.68%), and polycystic ovary syndrome was the most common etiology of infertility in females (26.32%). The most prevalent diagnosis was primary infertility factors, male and female (45.26%).

Conclusion: Primary infertility of male and female factors, polycystic ovary syndrome and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia dominate the infertile population in agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia.


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How to Cite

Guyansyah, A., Wratsangka, R., Dhanardono, D., Ghazali, M. F., Edy, H. J., Widyatama, H. G., Kusumaningrum, D., Tjahyadi, D., & Parwanto, E. (2021). Primary infertility of male and female factors, polycystic ovary syndrome and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia dominate the infertile population in agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 10(1), 167–173.




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Assangga Guyansyah
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