COVID-19 with ischemic stroke manifestations
- Maria Belladonna Rahmawati ,
- Yovita Andhitara ,
- Rahmi Ardhini ,
- Aditya Kurnianto ,
- Amelia Carissa Pertiwi ,
- Rony Parlindungan Sinaga ,
- Adinda Larastiti ,
Background: Continuous pandemic caused by coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been associated with high morbidity and mortality. COVID-19 has been linked to a hypercoagulable state that causes cerebrovascular complications. The most common cerebrovascular complication is ischemic stroke.
Case Presentations: We report six cases of ischemic stroke with COVID-19, age 51-81 years old, consists of four males and two females. The main risk factors are hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Brain CT scan showed large vessel ischemic stroke in four patients. The patients were treated with Low Molecular Weighted Heparin followed by dual antiplatelet (aspirin and clopidogrel). The outcome was good recovery with minimal sequelae in four patients and death in two patients.
Conclusion: Most of the stroke type in COVID-19 is large vessel disease, with main risk factors of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Treatment with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) followed by dual antiplatelet showed promising clinical improvement.