Introduction: Cholelithiasis is the most common disease in the biliary tract. Several risk factors have been known as risk factors of cholelithiasis, such as obesity and female gender. Meanwhile, only few studies evaluate correlation between clinical characteristics and stone type in cholelithiasis. The study aims to evaluate correlation between clinical characteristics and stone type in cholelithiasis patients at Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital.
Method: The study design was cross sectional. The sample of this study was 35 people with cholelithiasis patients who underwent cholecystectomy either by open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital. Gallstones will be examined by a laboratory. Risk factors assessed were age, gender, body mass index, hemoglobin bilirubin, cholesterol levels. Data analysis will use the Kruskal Wallis test.
Result: From 35 study samples was found the most types of stones were mixed stones with 17 (48.6%). Based on the Kruskal Wallis test found a significant relationship between the type of stone with gender, body mass index, total bilirubin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).
Conclusion: Factors related to the type of cholelithiasis stone are gender, body mass index, bilirubin levels, total cholesterol levels, HDL-C, and LDL-C.