Background: Bullous keratopathy is one of the leading causes of vision loss following cataract surgery. Several factors have been elucidated regarding the influence of bulosa keratopathy post cataract surgery. This study aims to evaluate pre-, intra-, and postoperative predisposition factors for bullous keratopathy following cataract surgery.
Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was done using data extracted from medical records. Patients diagnosed with bullous keratopathy after cataract surgery who underwent further examination procedures for at least 3 months were included. Patients with a history of glaucoma, Fuch's dystrophy, or other intraocular procedures were excluded. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 for Windows.
Results: Fourteen cases were included in this study. Most cases were female (78.57%) aged â‰¥60 years old (64.29%). There were postoperative changes in visual acuity and corneal status in most patients without any change in intraocular pressure. The majority of patients underwent manual small incision cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Intraoperative complications were vitreous prolapse and Descemet membrane stripping, while postoperative complications were uveitis and lens adhesion.
Conclusion: Bullous keratopathy after cataract surgery was more common in elderly females. There were notable changes in visual acuity and corneal status postoperatively. Further large-scale analytic study is warranted to confirm the predictive factors and causality.