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Extracutaneous manifestations of adult psoriatic patients attending Dermatology Teaching Center in Slemani, Iraq


Background: Psoriasis is debilitating, albeit remained underdiagnosed and undertreated, disease typically known for its cutaneous manifestations. Recent evidence pointed towards multisystemic comorbidities that we aim to elucidate further in this study.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Dermatology Teaching Center in Slemani city from April to September 2019. One hundred dermatologist-confirmed psoriasis patients aged 18 years old and above were subjected to structured interview, physical examination and blood investigations to determine the presence of psoriasis extracutaneous manifestations.

Results: There were a total of 100 patients with a mean age of 47.2 ± 15. Majority of the patients comprised of middle age group (42.0%), female (67.0%), with 10-20 years disease duration (36.0%). Only a few of them are currently smoking (16.0%) and consume alcohol (6.0%). Patients with extracutaneous involvement primarily had multiple (37.0%) as opposed to singular (24.0%). Metabolic syndrome was the most prevalent (30.0%) extracutaneous manifestation in this study.

Conclusions: Extracutaneous manifestations of psoriasis were ubiquitous and often coexisted. Emerging progressive comorbidities prompted greater recognition and integrated multidisciplinary approach.


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How to Cite

Mahmood, A. N., & Saeed, M. Y. (2020). Extracutaneous manifestations of adult psoriatic patients attending Dermatology Teaching Center in Slemani, Iraq. Bali Medical Journal, 9(1), 121–124.




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Aween Nawzad Mahmood
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Mohammad Yousif Saeed
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